Buntings and New World Sparrows (Emberizidae)

Red-cowled Cardinal (Paroaria dominicana) - HBW 16, p. 643

French: Paroare dominicain German: Dominikanerkardinal Spanish: Cardenilla Dominica
Other common names: Brazilian/Dominican/Pope Cardinal

Taxonomy: Loxia dominicana Linnaeus, 1758, Brazil.
Recent molecular-genetic research indicates that genus belongs in the tanager family (Thraupidae), forming a clade with, among others, Cissopis and Schistochlamys; curiously, members of latter two genera are similar in some plumage features and in bill shape to some members of present genus. This species may form a superspecies with P. coronata. Monotypic.

Distribution: NE Brazil from S Maranhão, Piauí and Ceará S to E Goiás and N Minas Gerais.