Cardinals (Cardinalidae)

Pyrrhuloxia (Cardinalis sinuatus) - HBW 16, p. 409

French: Cardinal pyrrhuloxia German: Schmalschnabelkardinal Spanish: Cardenal Pardo

Taxonomy: Cardinalis sinuatus Bonaparte, 1838, western part of Mexico (Zacatecas).
Formerly placed in a monotypic genus, Pyrrhuloxia, mainly on account of its unique bill shape, very different from that of C. cardinalis; intermediate bill of C. phoeniceus, however, as well as other arguments, has resulted in its return to present genus. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • fulvescens (van Rossem, 1934) - S USA (S Arizona) and NW Mexico (Sonora, Sinaloa and W Durango S to N Nayarit).
  • peninsulae (Ridgway, 1887) - extreme NW Mexico (Baja California S from c. 27° N).
  • sinuatus Bonaparte, 1838 - S USA (S New Mexico E to SE & C Texas) and S in C highlands and E lowlands of Mexico to NE Jalisco, Michoacán, Querétaro, San Luis Potosí and Tamaulipas.