Finches (Fringillidae)

Purple Finch (Carpodacus purpureus) - HBW 15, p. 584

French: Roselin pourpré German: Purpurgimpel Spanish: Camachuelo Purpúreo

Taxonomy: Fringilla purpurea J. F. Gmelin, 1789, South Carolina, USA.
Forms a superspecies with C. erythrinus. Proposed races taverneri (described from NE Alberta, in W Canada) and nesophilus (from Newfoundland, in E Canada) considered clinal variants within nominate race, and rubidus (from W Washington, in NW USA) a synonym of californicus. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • purpureus ( J. F. Gmelin, 1789) - breeds S Canada (except SW) and NE USA; migrates mostly to SE USA.
  • californicus S. F. Baird, 1858 - breeds SW Canada (British Columbia) S along Pacific coast of W USA to California (Cascade Mts and W Sierra Nevada); non-breeding also to SE California, Arizona and extreme NW Mexico (extreme NW Baja California).

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