Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Puerto Rican Spindalis (Spindalis portoricensis) - HBW 16, p. 316

French: Zéna de Porto Rico German: Puerto-Rico-Streifenkopftangare Spanish: Cigua Puertorriqueña
Other common names: Puerto Rican (Stripe-headed) Tanager

Taxonomy: Tanagra portoricensis H. Bryant, 1866, Puerto Rico.
Recent molecular-genetic studies suggest that this genus and Nesospingus, Chlorospingus and Phaenicophilus form a monophyletic clade that is sister to several New World warbler (Parulidae) genera (including Dendroica, Basileuterus and Vermivora), and are not closely related to other genera of present family. This species forms a superspecies with S. zena, S. nigricephala and S. dominicensis; all four were formerly treated as conspecific, but differ in morphology, plumage and vocalizations, and are geographically isolated from one a.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Tanagra portoricensis H. Bryant, 1866, Puerto Rico.
Recent molecular-genetic studies suggest that this genus and Nesospingus, Chlorospingus and Phaenicophilus form a monophyletic clade that is sister to several New World warbler (Parulidae) genera (including Dendroica, Basileuterus and Vermivora), and are not closely related to other genera of present family. This species forms a superspecies with S. zena, S. nigricephala and S. dominicensis; all four were formerly treated as conspecific, but differ in morphology, plumage and vocalizations, and are geographically isolated from one another. Present taxonomic arrangement may warrant further evaluation. Monotypic.

Distribution: Puerto Rico.