Prothonotary Warbler (Protonotaria citrea) - HBW 15, p. 764
French: Paruline orangée
Spanish: Reinita Protonotaria
Other common names: Golden Swamp Warbler
Taxonomy: Motacilla citrea Boddaert, 1783, Louisiana, USA.
Affinities uncertain; a recent study indicates close genetic relationship with Vermivora cyanoptera and V. chrysoptera and with Limnothlypis swainsonii. Has hybridized with Dendroica petechia. Monotypic.
Distribution: Breeds in SE Canada (extreme SE Ontario) and E USA from Great Lakes area S locally (excluding Appalachians) to W Texas and N & C Florida. Migrates to area from SE Mexico S to extreme NW South America, and Caribbean.
- Least Concern Enlarge map
VideosSee all 13 videos
An adult bird building the nest in a cypress and calling Locality Choctawhatchee River Bay, Florida, USA (United States) (Monotypic species)
Adam Elzinga 15 April 2007 7 years ago 51 sec 4.6
A bird singing from a bare branch. Locality Maryland, USA (United States)
Robert Schaefer 17 April 2008 6 years ago 37 sec 4.6
A male perched and jumping up to a wood fence. Locality Slidell, St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana, USA (United States) (Monotypic species)
Bill Wayman 1 May 2008 6 years ago 31 sec 4.3
Adult female eating white twig substance Locality Warbler Woods Bird Sanctuary, Guadalupe County, Texas, USA (United States) (Monotypic species)
Malcolm Mark Swan 13 May 2010 5 years ago 52 sec 4.2
Female brings food to nest and leaves. Locality Louisiana, USA (United States)
Bill Wayman 5 July 2002 7 weeks ago 16 sec 4
Adult removes fecal sac from nest site and flies off. Locality Louisiana, USA (United States)
Bill Wayman 5 July 2002 7 weeks ago 11 sec 4
PhotosSee all 22 photos
Still very bright on a cloudy day
Locality Manhattan, Kansas, USA (United States)
Dave Rintoul 25 April 2015 31 weeks ago 4.6
A male perched on a branch.
Locality Little River National Wildlife Refuge, McCurtain County, Oklahoma, USA (United States) (Monotypic species)
Laura Erickson 5 May 2010 1 year ago 4.5
A view of a nest with six eggs placed into a decorative teakettle on a garden.
Locality Trempealeau, Trempealeau County, Wisconsin, USA (United States) (Monotypic species)
Laura Erickson 3 June 2006 1 year ago 4.3
A male perched in a tree.
Locality Black Swamp Bird Observatory, Ottawa County, Ohio, USA (United States) (Monotypic species)
Laura Erickson 8 May 2010 1 year ago 4.3
A beautiful Prothonotary Warbler in Lake Marion.
Locality Lake Marion, South Carolina, USA (United States)
HVargas 20 May 2011 4 years ago 4.1
Good shot through the leaves
Locality South Padre Island, Cameron County, Texas, USA (United States)
Pete Thompson 16 April 2013 1 year ago 4