Swallows and Martins (Hirundinidae)

Plain Martin (Riparia paludicola) - HBW 9, p. 647

French: Hirondelle paludicole German: Braunkehl-Uferschwalbe Spanish: Avión Paludícola
Other common names: African/Brown-throated/Grey-breasted Sand Martin, Plain Sand Martin; Indian Sand Martin (chinensis)

Taxonomy: Hirundo paludicola Vieillot, 1817, South Africa.
Forms a superspecies with R. congica, R. riparia and R. diluta. Race tantilla sometimes included in chinensis. Name paludibula has priority over minor, but former has not been in use since at least 1894, and latter thus retained by virtually all recent authors. Nine subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • mauritanica (Meade-Waldo, 1901) - W Morocco.
  • minor (Cabanis, 1850) - locally from Senegambia E to Sudan and N Ethiopia.
  • schoensis Reichenow, 1920 - Ethiopian Highlands.

     See all 9 subspecies
  • mauritanica (Meade-Waldo, 1901) - W Morocco.
  • minor (Cabanis, 1850) - locally from Senegambia E to Sudan and N Ethiopia.
  • schoensis Reichenow, 1920 - Ethiopian Highlands.
  • newtoni Bannerman, 1937 - SE Nigeria and adjacent W Cameroon.
  • ducis Reichenow, 1908 - E DRCongo, Uganda and W & C Kenya S to Burundi and N & C Tanzania.
  • paludicola (Vieillot, 1817) - W & SW Angola, Zambia, S Tanzania and Malawi S to South Africa.
  • cowani (Sharpe, 1882) - E Madagascar.
  • chinensis (J. E. Gray, 1830) - S Tadjikistan, N Afghanistan, Pakistan and N India E to Myanmar, S China (S Yunnan) and Indochina, also Taiwan.
  • tantilla Riley, 1935 - N Philippines (Luzon).
  •      No sound recordings available yet