Woodcreepers (Dendrocolaptidae)

Plain-brown Woodcreeper (Dendrocincla fuliginosa) - HBW 8, p. 401

French: Grimpar enfumé German: Grauwangen-Baumsteiger Spanish: Trepatroncos Fuliginoso
Other common names: Plain Woodcreeper; Line-throated Woodcreeper (“fuliginosa group”); d’Orbigny’s Woodcreeper (atrirostris)

Taxonomy: Dendrocopus fuliginosus Vieillot, 1818, “Cayenne”.
Forms a superspecies with D. turdina, and often regarded as conspecific. Races appear to be separable into three groups, which may represent distinct species. Geographically isolated “taunayi­ group” contains a single race, affinities of which are uncertain because it is morphologically intermediate between present species and D. turdina, but vocally distinct from both. Heterogeneous “meruloides group” also includes ridgwayi, lafresnayei, barinensis, deltana, phaeochroa and neglecta; within this group, si.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Dendrocopus fuliginosus Vieillot, 1818, “Cayenne”.
Forms a superspecies with D. turdina, and often regarded as conspecific. Races appear to be separable into three groups, which may represent distinct species. Geographically isolated “taunayi­ group” contains a single race, affinities of which are uncertain because it is morphologically intermediate between present species and D. turdina, but vocally distinct from both. Heterogeneous “meruloides group” also includes ridgwayi, lafresnayei, barinensis, deltana, phaeochroa and neglecta; within this group, significant genetic differences found between ridgwayi and neglecta, the two being separated by Andes. Remaining races constitute the “fuliginosa group”, also including rufoolivacea, trumaii and atrirostris, last of which is placed by some authors with D. turdina on basis of similar vocalizations and presence of crown streaking. Proposed race christiani (W Colombia) considered indistinguishable from ridgwayi; validity of several other currently accepted races requires revision, e.g. neglecta may prove to be better merged with phaeochroa, barinensis with meruloides, and rufoolivacea with nominate. It appears that D. turdina and race taunayi have evolved following separate invasions by stock of present species into S & N portions, respectively, of Atlantic forest. Twelve subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • ridgwayi Oberholser, 1904 - SE Honduras S, mostly on Caribbean slope (especially in N) to E Panama, also to W Colombia (Chocó lowlands E to upper Sinú and Atrato Valleys), W Ecuador and NW Peru (Tumbes).
  • lafresnayei Ridgway, 1888 - N & E Colombia (Santa Marta region, Magdalena and Cauca valleys) and adjacent NW Venezuela (NW Zulia, Mérida, Táchira).
  • meruloides (Lafresnaye, 1851) - N Venezuela (L Maracaibo E to Paria Peninsula, S to Guárico and Monagas), also Trinidad and Tobago.

     See all 12 subspecies
  • ridgwayi Oberholser, 1904 - SE Honduras S, mostly on Caribbean slope (especially in N) to E Panama, also to W Colombia (Chocó lowlands E to upper Sinú and Atrato Valleys), W Ecuador and NW Peru (Tumbes).
  • lafresnayei Ridgway, 1888 - N & E Colombia (Santa Marta region, Magdalena and Cauca valleys) and adjacent NW Venezuela (NW Zulia, Mérida, Táchira).
  • meruloides (Lafresnaye, 1851) - N Venezuela (L Maracaibo E to Paria Peninsula, S to Guárico and Monagas), also Trinidad and Tobago.
  • barinensis Phelps, Sr. & Phelps, Jr., 1949 - llanos of NC Colombia (Norte de Santander, Boyacá, Arauca) and WC Venezuela (Portuguesa S to Táchira and Apure).
  • deltana Phelps, Sr. & Phelps, Jr., 1950 - NE Venezuela (Orinoco Delta).
  • phaeochroa Berlepsch & Hartert, 1902 - NW Amazonia from SE Colombia E to S Venezuela (NW Bolívar, Amazonas) and S to NW Brazil (upper R Negro and R Branco).
  • neglecta Todd, 1948 - W Amazonia on both sides of R Solimões, from E Ecuador and E Peru E to W Brazil (E to R Negro and R Madeira).
  • fuliginosa (Vieillot, 1818) - NE Amazonia N of Amazon, from SE Venezuela (E Bolívar) E to the Guianas and in N Brazil (lower R Negro E to Amapá); may cross R Amazon just E of R Madeira at Borba.
  • atrirostris (d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838) - SW Amazonia, in SE Peru (Cuzco, Madre de Dios), N, NE & C Bolivia and adjacent SW Brazil (E to R Tapajós).
  • rufoolivacea Ridgway, 1888 - E Amazonian Brazil S of Amazon, from R Tapajós E to N Maranhão.
  • trumaii Sick, 1950 - locally in S Amazonian Brazil (upper R Xingu, in N Mato Grosso).
  • taunayi Pinto, 1939 - NE Brazil (E Pernambuco, E Alagoas).