New World Warblers (Parulidae)

Pine Warbler (Dendroica pinus) - HBW 15, p. 755

French: Paruline des pins German: Kiefernwaldsänger Spanish: Reinita del Pinar

Taxonomy: Certhia pinus Linnaeus, 1766, Charleston, South Carolina, USA.
Affinities within genus uncertain. One study of mitochondrial DNA indicated that this species and D. pityophila may be sister-taxa, while another suggests that D. palmarum may be the sister of present species. Has hybridized with nominate race of D. coronata. Some confusion regarding species name (see page 675). Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • pinus ( Linnaeus, 1766) - breeds SE Canada (from extreme SE Manitoba E to S Quebec and S New Brunswick) and E USA (E from Minnesota, Missouri and E Texas, excluding prairie regions of Midwest); winters in S part of breeding range and S to S Florida.
  • florida ( Maynard, 1906) - S Florida.
  • achrustera Bangs, 1900 - NW Bahamas (Grand Bahama, Abaco, New Providence and Andros).
  • chrysoleuca Griscom, 1923 - Hispaniola.