Kingfishers (Alcedinidae)

Pied Kingfisher (Ceryle rudis) - HBW 6, p. 249

French: Martin-pêcheur pie German: Graufischer Spanish: Martín Pescador Pío
Other common names: Lesser/Small Pied Kingfisher; Indian Pied Kingfisher (travancoreensis, leucomelanura)

Taxonomy: Alcedo rudis Linnaeus, 1758, Egypt.
Distinctive, with no close relatives, although some authors have placed some or all members of Megaceryle in present genus. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • rudis (Linnaeus, 1758) - C & S Turkey and Israel to Syria, Iraq and SW Iran, also N Egypt and Nile Valley, and sub-Saharan Africa (except arid regions).
  • leucomelanura Reichenbach, 1851 - NE Afghanistan, W Pakistan and India (except SW) S to Sri Lanka, and E to Thailand and Indochina.
  • travancoreensis Whistler & Kinnear, 1935 - SW India, from N Kerala S to Cape Comorin.
  • insignis Hartert, 1910 - SE China, including Hainan.