Typical Owls (Strigidae)

Philippine Scops-owl (Otus megalotis) - HBW 5, p. 159

French: Petit-duc de Luçon German: Philippinen-Zwergohreule Spanish: Autillo Filipino
Other common names: Whitehead’s Scops-owl, Luzon Collared Scops-owl

Taxonomy: Scops megalotis Walden, 1875, probably Manila.
Probably forms superspecies with O. mentawi, O. bakkamoena, O. lettia, O. lempiji, O. semitorques and O. fuliginosus. Older name O. whiteheadi sometimes still used, now rejected. Formerly treated as conspecific with O. bakkamoena, but shown to be vocally distinct. Race boholensis doubtfully distinct from everetti. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • megalotis (Walden, 1875) - Luzon, Marinduque and Catanduanes.
  • everetti (Tweeddale, 1879) - Samar, Biliran, Leyte, Mindanao and Basilan.
  • nigrorum Rand, 1950 - Negros.
  • boholensis McGregor, 1907 - Bohol.