Cardinals (Cardinalidae)

Orinocan Saltator (Saltator orenocensis) - HBW 16, p. 417

French: Saltator de l’Orénoque German: Zimtflankensaltator Spanish: Pepitero del Orinoco

Taxonomy: Saltator orenocensis Lafresnaye, 1846, mouth of the Orinoco, Venezuela.
Affiliations of genus uncertain; recent molecular-genetic analyses indicate that it does not belong with present family, and may be better placed with tanagers (Thraupidae). Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • rufescens Todd, 1912 - NE Colombia (Guajira Peninsula E from Santa Marta) and W Vene­zuela (N & SE Zulia E to N Lara and C Falcón).
  • orenocensis Lafresnaye, 1846 - Venezuela E of Andes from Cojedes and W Apure E to W Sucre and S Monagas, to S bank of R Orinoco in N Bolívar and S Delta Amacuro) and NE Colombia (Arauca, probably also N Vichada).