White-eyes (Zosteropidae)

Oriental White-eye (Zosterops palpebrosus) - HBW 13, p. 446

French: Zostérops oriental German: Gangesbrillenvogel Spanish: Anteojitos Oriental
Other common names: Indian/(Ceylon) Small/Ceylon (Hill)/Sri Lanka(!) White-eye; Yellow-bellied/Siamese White-eye (siamensis); Hume’s White-eye (auriventer)

Taxonomy: Sylvia palpebrosa Temminck, 1824, Bengal, India.
Forms a superspecies with Z. japonicus and Z. meyeni, and sometimes considered conspecific with either or with both, but all appear morphologically distinct; interbreeding with Z. japonicus occurs in S China and N Vietnam. Was formerly considered to form a species complex with Z. salvadorii and Z. everetti: in that arrangement, race siamensis treated as a full species, auriventer (together with race tahanensis of Z. everetti) as another species, melanurus and unicus then constituting a third species, and re.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Sylvia palpebrosa Temminck, 1824, Bengal, India.
Forms a superspecies with Z. japonicus and Z. meyeni, and sometimes considered conspecific with either or with both, but all appear morphologically distinct; interbreeding with Z. japonicus occurs in S China and N Vietnam. Was formerly considered to form a species complex with Z. salvadorii and Z. everetti: in that arrangement, race siamensis treated as a full species, auriventer (together with race tahanensis of Z. everetti) as another species, melanurus and unicus then constituting a third species, and remaining races of present species (together with Z. salvadorii and remaining races of Z. everetti) forming the fourth species. Z. salvadorii and Z. e. everetti, however, now believed to be more distantly related to present species. Otherwise, populations in neighbourhood of Mt Pangrango, in W Java, are intermediate between races buxtoni and melanurus. Races egregius and salimalii possibly better subsumed in nominate. Birds of this species recorded in Cambodia of uncertain racial identity, provisionally included in williamsoni; those in Andaman Is currently included in nicobaricus, but possibly represent an as yet undescribed race. Proposed races joannae (described from SE Yunnan, in China) and occidentis (Shimla, in N India) are synonymized with nominate, and amabilis (Kathiawar Peninsula, in W India) is merged with egregius. Eleven subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • palpebrosus (Temminck, 1824) - SE Arabia (Mahawt I, in Oman); NE Afghanistan, Pakistan and N India E to S China (SE Xizang, SW Sichuan and Yunnan E to SW Guangxi) and Myanmar (except S & SE).
  • nilgiriensis Ticehurst, 1927 - S Western Ghats (hills of S Karnataka and W Tamil Nadu), in SW India.
  • salimalii Whistler, 1933 - S Eastern Ghats (Shevaroy, Chitteri, Seshachalam, Nallamalai), in SE India.

     See all 11 subspecies
  • palpebrosus (Temminck, 1824) - SE Arabia (Mahawt I, in Oman); NE Afghanistan, Pakistan and N India E to S China (SE Xizang, SW Sichuan and Yunnan E to SW Guangxi) and Myanmar (except S & SE).
  • nilgiriensis Ticehurst, 1927 - S Western Ghats (hills of S Karnataka and W Tamil Nadu), in SW India.
  • salimalii Whistler, 1933 - S Eastern Ghats (Shevaroy, Chitteri, Seshachalam, Nallamalai), in SE India.
  • egregius Madarász, 1911 - lowlands of India, Laccadive Is and Sri Lanka.
  • siamensis Blyth, 1867 - S Myanmar (Pegu, Kayah, Kayin), N, E & SE Thailand and NW Indochina.
  • nicobaricus Blyth, 1845 - Andaman Is and Nicobar Is (except S).
  • williamsoni Robinson & Kloss, 1919 - Gulf of Thailand coast (from Bangkok S to Pattani) and W Cambodia.
  • auriventer Hume, 1878 - extreme S Myanmar (S Tenasserim), W coast of S Thailand, W & SE Peninsular Malaysia (including islands of Ra, Libong, Pinang, Kelang estuary Group and Pisang off W coast, and Tioman off E coast), Singapore, E coastal areas of Sumatra, Riau Is (Kundur), Bangka I, S Natuna Is and Borneo (W Sarawak, Brunei).
  • buxtoni Nicholson, 1879 - highlands of Sumatra, and extreme W Java (Bantam and Bogor).
  • melanurus Hartlaub, 1865 - Java and Bali.
  • unicus E. J. O. Hartert, 1897 - Lesser Sundas (Sumbawa and Flores).