Pigeons and Doves (Columbidae)

Oriental Turtle-dove (Streptopelia orientalis) - HBW 4, p. 134

French: Tourterelle orientale German: Orientturteltaube Spanish: Tórtola Oriental
Other common names: Eastern/Rufous/Mountain Turtle-dove

Taxonomy: Columba orientalis Latham, 1790, China.
Related to S. turtur, S. lugens and S. hypopyrrha. Six subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • meena (Sykes, 1832) - S part of W Siberia to W Altai, S to Turkestan, Iran, Afghanistan, Kashmir and Himalayas E to W Nepal; winters mainly in India.
  • orientalis (Latham, 1790) - C Siberia through Transbaikalia, Amurland and Sakhalin to Kuril Is, Japan and Korea, and S through much of China to Himalayas, N Assam, Yunnan, Guangdong, Hainan and N Vietnam; winters in S & E Asia.
  • stimpsoni (Stejneger, 1887) - Ryukyu Is (Amami-oshima S to Senkaku Is).

     See all 6 subspecies
  • meena (Sykes, 1832) - S part of W Siberia to W Altai, S to Turkestan, Iran, Afghanistan, Kashmir and Himalayas E to W Nepal; winters mainly in India.
  • orientalis (Latham, 1790) - C Siberia through Transbaikalia, Amurland and Sakhalin to Kuril Is, Japan and Korea, and S through much of China to Himalayas, N Assam, Yunnan, Guangdong, Hainan and N Vietnam; winters in S & E Asia.
  • stimpsoni (Stejneger, 1887) - Ryukyu Is (Amami-oshima S to Senkaku Is).
  • orii Yamashina, 1932 - Taiwan.
  • erythrocephala (Bonaparte, 1855) - Peninsular India.
  • agricola (Tickell, 1833) - NE India (Bihar, Orissa, Bengal, S Assam) E to Myanmar (S to Tenasserim) and SC China (W Yunnan, Hainan).