Larks (Alaudidae)

Oriental Skylark (Alauda gulgula) - HBW 9, p. 599

French: Alouette gulgule German: Orientfeldlerche Spanish: Alondra Oriental
Other common names: Small/Lesser/Little Skylark, Eastern/Indian (Small) Skylark

Taxonomy: Alauda Gulgula Franklin, 1831, Ganges between Calcutta and Varanasi (Benares), east India.
May form a superspecies with A. arvensis, and has been considered conspecific. Race japonica of that species sometimes included within present species owing to similarities in plumage and structure. Geographical variation to some extent clinal, size decreasing from N to S. Other described races are punjaubi (from Pakistan and NW India) and transcaspia (Turkmenistan), merged with inconspicua; dharmakumarsinhjii (Gujarat, in WC India), australis (SW India) and herberti (C & SE Thailand E to S Vietnam), included in nominate; sala.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Alauda Gulgula Franklin, 1831, Ganges between Calcutta and Varanasi (Benares), east India.
May form a superspecies with A. arvensis, and has been considered conspecific. Race japonica of that species sometimes included within present species owing to similarities in plumage and structure. Geographical variation to some extent clinal, size decreasing from N to S. Other described races are punjaubi (from Pakistan and NW India) and transcaspia (Turkmenistan), merged with inconspicua; dharmakumarsinhjii (Gujarat, in WC India), australis (SW India) and herberti (C & SE Thailand E to S Vietnam), included in nominate; sala (Hainan), included in coelivox; and wolfei (Luzon, in Philippines), merged with wattersi. Eight subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • inconspicua Severtsov, 1873 - S Kazakhstan, S Uzbekistan, E Turkmenistan and E Iran E to W & SW Tadjikistan, Pakistan and NW India.
  • lhamarum R. Meinertzhagen & A. Meinertzhagen, 1926 - SW Pamir, extreme NE Afghanistan and W Himalayas (NE Pakistan S to N Punjab, E to Nepal).
  • gulgula Franklin, 1831 - NC & NE India S to Sri Lanka and E to Indochina.

     See all 8 subspecies
  • inconspicua Severtsov, 1873 - S Kazakhstan, S Uzbekistan, E Turkmenistan and E Iran E to W & SW Tadjikistan, Pakistan and NW India.
  • lhamarum R. Meinertzhagen & A. Meinertzhagen, 1926 - SW Pamir, extreme NE Afghanistan and W Himalayas (NE Pakistan S to N Punjab, E to Nepal).
  • gulgula Franklin, 1831 - NC & NE India S to Sri Lanka and E to Indochina.
  • inopinata Bianchi, 1904 - much of Tibetan Plateau, E Qinghai, Gansu (except most NW) and extreme SW Inner Mongolia.
  • vernayi Mayr, 1941 - E Himalayas and neighbouring parts of China (SE Xizang, W Yunnan).
  • weigoldi Hartert, 1922 - C & E China (SE Gansu and S Shaanxi S to S & E Sichuan, and E along Yangtse Valley).
  • coelivox Swinhoe, 1859 - SE & S China (including Hainan I) and N Vietnam.
  • wattersi Swinhoe, 1871 - Taiwan and Philippines.