Pheasants and Partridges (Phasianidae)

Orange River Francolin (Francolinus levaillantoides) - HBW 2, p. 494

French: Francolin d'Archer German: Archerfrankolin Spanish: Francolín del Orange
Other common names: Archer's Francolin; Acacia/Ethiopian Francolin (gutturalis/lorti)

Taxonomy: Perdix levaillantoides A. Smith, 1836, upper reaches of Orange River.
Forms superspecies with F. psilolaemus and F. shelleyi. Recently proposed reorganization of Francolinus places present species in genus Scleroptila with F. streptophorus, F. finschi, F. levaillantii, F. africanus, F. psilolaemus and F. shelleyi. Several other races have been described, but their validity is doubtful: pallidor and kalaharica normally included in nominate levaillantoides; cunenensis in jugularis; and archeri in lorti. Race gutturalis (incorporating l.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Perdix levaillantoides A. Smith, 1836, upper reaches of Orange River.
Forms superspecies with F. psilolaemus and F. shelleyi. Recently proposed reorganization of Francolinus places present species in genus Scleroptila with F. streptophorus, F. finschi, F. levaillantii, F. africanus, F. psilolaemus and F. shelleyi. Several other races have been described, but their validity is doubtful: pallidor and kalaharica normally included in nominate levaillantoides; cunenensis in jugularis; and archeri in lorti. Race gutturalis (incorporating lorti) has been considered to constitute a separate species. F. gariepensis is a synonym for present species. Four subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • gutturalis (Rüppell, 1835) - N Ethiopia.
  • lorti Sharpe, 1897 - Sudan E through S Ethiopia to Somalia, and S to Uganda.
  • jugularis Büttikofer, 1889 - SW Angola and N Namibia.
  • levaillantoides (A. Smith, 1836) - E Namibia, S Botswana, N & W South Africa and Lesotho.

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