Orioles (Oriolidae)

Olive-backed Oriole (Oriolus sagittatus) - HBW 13, p. 717

French: Loriot sagittal German: Streifenpirol Spanish: Oropéndola Estriada
Other common names: Australian/Green-backed/Northern/White-bellied Oriole, Green Oriole(!), Cedar Bird, Green Thrush

Taxonomy: Coracias sagittata Latham, 1801, “Nova Wallia Australi” = Sydney, Australia.
Forms a superspecies with O. szalayi, O. phaeochromus, O. forsteni, O. bouroensis and O. melanotis, all of which, together with more distantly related O. flavocinctus, were formerly placed in the alternative genus Mimeta on basis of skull characteristics. Races probably intergrade, but more study needed. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • magnirostris van Oort, 1910 - SC New Guinea.
  • affinis Gould, 1848 - NW and NC Australia (E to S Gulf of Carpentaria).
  • grisescens Schodde & Mason, 1999 - NE Australia (Cape York, in N Queensland).
  • sagittatus (Latham, 1801) - NE Australia (except Cape York) S to Victoria and SE South Australia; many migrate N in winter.