Weavers (Ploceidae)

Northern Red Bishop (Euplectes franciscanus) - HBW 15, p. 143

French: Euplecte franciscain German: Feuerweber Spanish: Obispo Anaranjado
Other common names: Red/Orange/Franciscan Bishop

Taxonomy: Loxia franciscana Isert, 1789, Accra, Ghana.
Has been regarded as forming a superspecies with E. orix and E. nigroventris, and sometimes treated as conspecific with former, but such arrangements not supported by molecular data. Has hybridized in captivity with E. afer and possibly with E. hordeaceus. Birds in E of range sometimes recognized as race pusillus (described from L Chew Bahir, in S Ethiopia), often having longer tail-coverts covering rectrices completely, less red on breast, and plumage tending towards orange-red, rather than scarlet; plumage and other characters, however, variable throughou.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Loxia franciscana Isert, 1789, Accra, Ghana.
Has been regarded as forming a superspecies with E. orix and E. nigroventris, and sometimes treated as conspecific with former, but such arrangements not supported by molecular data. Has hybridized in captivity with E. afer and possibly with E. hordeaceus. Birds in E of range sometimes recognized as race pusillus (described from L Chew Bahir, in S Ethiopia), often having longer tail-coverts covering rectrices completely, less red on breast, and plumage tending towards orange-red, rather than scarlet; plumage and other characters, however, variable throughout species' range, and naming of geographical races considered unwarranted. Monotypic.

Distribution: S Mauritania, Senegambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, S Mali, N Sierra Leone, N Liberia, Burkina Faso, N Ivory Coast, Ghana (mainly inland, local on coast), Togo, Benin, SW Niger, Nigeria (primarily N of the great rivers), S Chad, N Cameroon; N Central African Republic; Sudan (especially R Nile and tributaries), W & NE Ethiopia, W Eritrea and NW & S Somalia, S to NE DRCongo, N Uganda and W Kenya (L Baringo and L Bogoria). Introduced (escaped cagebirds) in SW USA (near Los Angeles, in California; breeding reported also Arizona); introduced c. 1960 in West Indies, on Puerto Rico, with breeding on Martinique and Guadeloupe, and recorded on Jamaica and St Croix (Virgin Is). Reported introduction in Japan of E. orix more likely to be referable to present species.

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