New World Warblers (Parulidae)

Northern Parula (Parula americana) - HBW 15, p. 743

French: Paruline à collier German: Meisenwaldsänger Spanish: Parula Norteña
Other common names: American Parula, Parula Warbler; Sutton's Warbler (hybrid with Dendroica dominica)

Taxonomy: Parus americanus Linnaeus, 1758, northern America = South Carolina, USA.
A study of mitochondrial DNA has suggested that genus as currently constituted is not monophyletic, with present species and P. pitiayumi closer to Dendroica, and P. gutturalis and P. superciliosa closer to Vermivora. Has hybridized with Dendroica dominica, as well as with Setophaga ruticilla and Dendroica coronata. Forms a superspecies with P. pitiayumi and sometimes regarded as conspecific, but the two differ in migratory behaviour and in some plumage characters. NE populations proposed as race pusilla (described from Pen.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Parus americanus Linnaeus, 1758, northern America = South Carolina, USA.
A study of mitochondrial DNA has suggested that genus as currently constituted is not monophyletic, with present species and P. pitiayumi closer to Dendroica, and P. gutturalis and P. superciliosa closer to Vermivora. Has hybridized with Dendroica dominica, as well as with Setophaga ruticilla and Dendroica coronata. Forms a superspecies with P. pitiayumi and sometimes regarded as conspecific, but the two differ in migratory behaviour and in some plumage characters. NE populations proposed as race pusilla (described from Pennsylvania) and W ones as race ludoviciana (from Mississippi Valley), the latter based on difference in Type 1 song; both generally considered insufficiently differentiated to warrant recognition. Monotypic.

Distribution: Breeds in SE Canada (SE Manitoba E to Nova Scotia) and E USA (Minnesota, Michigan and New England S, excluding most of S Great Lakes area, to Gulf of Mexico coast and C Florida). Winters from E Mexico S to C Panama, and in West Indies; also winters in smaller numbers in S Florida and Bermuda.