Northern House Martin (Delichon urbicum) - HBW 9, p. 674
French: Hirondelle de fenêtre
Spanish: Avión Común
Other common names: House Martin, Common/European/Western House Martin
Taxonomy: Hirundo urbica Linnaeus, 1758, Sweden.
Forms a superspecies with D. dasypus; sometimes considered conspecific, but breeding ranges overlap (e.g. S of L Baikal). Nominate race exhibits largely clinal decrease in size from N to S, but abrupt size reduction in S Europe; birds in WC Europe sometimes separated as race fenestrarum. Race lagopodum and nominate breed parapatrically in Buryatia (S & E of L Baikal); review of taxonomic status of former required. Occasionally hybridizes with Hirundo rustica. Three subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- urbicum (Linnaeus, 1758) - W, C & N Europe E to W Siberia; winters mainly sub-Saharan Africa.
- meridionale (Hartert, 1910) - S Europe, N Africa and WC Asia (E to Tien Shan and Kashmir); winters Africa and SW Asia.
- lagopodum (Pallas, 1811) - E Asia from middle and upper R Yenisey, Altai Mts and N Mongolia E to Anadyrland, Sea of Okhotsk and NE China; probably winters mainly SE Asia.
- Least Concern Enlarge map
VideosSee all 68 videos
A general view of a nesting place, then an individual at its nest entrance Locality Doñana National Park, Andalucia, Spain (ssp urbicum)
Juan Sanabria 31 May 2006 6 years ago 31 sec 3.7
A bird in a nest in construction, preening Locality Gradac, Split-Dalmatia County, Croatia
Eric Roualet 24 April 2011 2 years ago 48 sec 3.7
A pair in the early stages of nest building Locality Lesbos Island, North Aegean Region, Greece
Keith Blomerley 28 April 2002 4 years ago 28 sec 3.7
A large group of birds perched and flying in migration pass Locality Casa Bolunya, Saurí, Lleida Province, Catalonia, Spain (ssp urbicum)
Job Roig i Simon 31 August 2004 9 years ago 29 sec 3.6
Two nests with chicks and adults comming to feed. Locality Stare Masiewo, Bialowieza Forest, Podlaskie Province, Poland (ssp urbicum)
Jeremiusz Trzaska 25 July 2010 3 years ago 39 sec 3.5
A group flying over the river. Locality Shumnyy, Khabarovsk Krai, Eastern Russia, Russia (ssp lagopodum)
Josep del Hoyo 10 June 2009 3 years ago 35 sec 3.5
PhotosSee all 28 photos
Locality Fornells de la Muntanya, Girona Province, Catalonia, Spain
Juan Gonzalez Valdivieso 1 August 2010 3 years ago 2.5
Birds collecting mud for the nest in Monfragüe Park
Locality Extremadura, Spain
Nicole Bouglouan 18 April 2007 3 years ago 2.5
House martin - breeding time
Locality Laveno-Mombello, Lombardy Region, Italy
Cristiano Crolle 18 May 2011 2 years ago 2.4
Many birds on wires.
Locality Robe, Ethiopia
Josep del Hoyo 4 December 2005 3 years ago 1.3