Northern House Martin (Delichon urbicum) - HBW 9, p. 674
French: Hirondelle de fenêtre
Spanish: Avión Común
Other common names: House Martin, Common/European/Western House Martin
Taxonomy: Hirundo urbica Linnaeus, 1758, Sweden.
Forms a superspecies with D. dasypus; sometimes considered conspecific, but breeding ranges overlap (e.g. S of L Baikal). Nominate race exhibits largely clinal decrease in size from N to S, but abrupt size reduction in S Europe; birds in WC Europe sometimes separated as race fenestrarum. Race lagopodum and nominate breed parapatrically in Buryatia (S & E of L Baikal); review of taxonomic status of former required. Occasionally hybridizes with Hirundo rustica. Three subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- urbicum (Linnaeus, 1758) - W, C & N Europe E to W Siberia; winters mainly sub-Saharan Africa.
- meridionale (Hartert, 1910) - S Europe, N Africa and WC Asia (E to Tien Shan and Kashmir); winters Africa and SW Asia.
- lagopodum (Pallas, 1811) - E Asia from middle and upper R Yenisey, Altai Mts and N Mongolia E to Anadyrland, Sea of Okhotsk and NE China; probably winters mainly SE Asia.
- Least Concern Enlarge map
VideosSee all 74 videos
Two birds in a neighbour conflict, on a breeding colony. Locality Aínsa, Huesca, Aragón, Spain (ssp meridionale)
Josep del Hoyo 7 July 2013 1 year ago 47 sec 4.6
Northern House Martin adults occupying old nests and building new ones Locality Monfragüe National Park, Cáceres, Extremadura, Spain
Pierandrea Brichetti 13 May 2008 27 weeks ago 37 sec 4.5
A colony collecting mud and building the nests. Locality Monfragüe National Park, Cáceres, Extremadura, Spain (ssp meridionale)
Alex García · Videoaves 20 May 2010 4 years ago 40 sec 4.5
A huge group of migrating birds flying and resting on wires. Locality Robe, Ethiopia (ssp meridionale)
Josep del Hoyo 3 December 2005 8 years ago 44 sec 4.4
Four juveniles at their nests, being fed by there parents. Locality Ketelhaven, Dronten, Flevoland Province, Netherlands (ssp urbicum )
Yoel Jimenez 12 July 2013 1 year ago 1 min 37 sec 4.4
a bird in nice light building a nest Locality Vossemeer, Dronten, Flevoland Province, Netherlands (ssp urbicum)
Daniêl Jimenez 29 May 2011 3 years ago 1 min 15 sec 4.3
PhotosSee all 35 photos
Northern House Martin adult in the colorful nest
Locality Corsica, France
Pierandrea Brichetti 25 May 1977 32 weeks ago 4.4
Locality Ukraine (ssp urbicum)
Kostya Pazyuk 15 July 2013 6 weeks ago 4.3
Portrait of an adult bird
Locality El Rocío, Doñana National Park, Andalucia, Spain
Rafael Merchante 22 April 2013 1 year ago 4.3
building the nest
Locality Laveno-Mombello, Lombardy Region, Italy (ssp meridionale)
Cristiano Crolle 19 May 2012 2 years ago 4.3
A House Martin is drinking in the puddle in +30C heat.
Locality Kėdainiai, Kaunas County, Lithuania
Boris Belchev 22 May 2014 9 weeks ago 4
Locality Moselle, Lorraine, France
Didier Collin 6 June 2012 42 weeks ago 4