Northern House Martin (Delichon urbicum) - HBW 9, p. 674
French: Hirondelle de fenêtre
Spanish: Avión Común
Other common names: House Martin, Common/European/Western House Martin
Taxonomy: Hirundo urbica Linnaeus, 1758, Sweden.
Forms a superspecies with D. dasypus; sometimes considered conspecific, but breeding ranges overlap (e.g. S of L Baikal). Nominate race exhibits largely clinal decrease in size from N to S, but abrupt size reduction in S Europe; birds in WC Europe sometimes separated as race fenestrarum. Race lagopodum and nominate breed parapatrically in Buryatia (S & E of L Baikal); review of taxonomic status of former required. Occasionally hybridizes with Hirundo rustica. Three subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- urbicum (Linnaeus, 1758) - W, C & N Europe E to W Siberia; winters mainly sub-Saharan Africa.
- meridionale (Hartert, 1910) - S Europe, N Africa and WC Asia (E to Tien Shan and Kashmir); winters Africa and SW Asia.
- lagopodum (Pallas, 1811) - E Asia from middle and upper R Yenisey, Altai Mts and N Mongolia E to Anadyrland, Sea of Okhotsk and NE China; probably winters mainly SE Asia.
- Least Concern Enlarge map
VideosSee all 80 videos
Two birds in a neighbour conflict, on a breeding colony. Locality Aínsa, Huesca, Aragón, Spain (ssp meridionale)
Josep del Hoyo 7 July 2013 1 year ago 47 sec 4.6
Adults feeding two young in a nest painted with the same color of the wall. Locality Corsica, France (ssp urbicum)
Pierandrea Brichetti 19 July 1999 9 weeks ago 36 sec 4.6
Adults occupying old nests and building new ones. Locality Monfragüe National Park, Cáceres, Extremadura, Spain
Pierandrea Brichetti 13 May 2008 1 year ago 37 sec 4.5
Four juveniles at their nests, being fed by there parents. Locality Ketelhaven, Dronten, Flevoland Province, Netherlands (ssp urbicum)
Yoel Jimenez 12 July 2013 1 year ago 1 min 37 sec 4.5
A colony collecting mud and building the nests. Locality Monfragüe National Park, Cáceres, Extremadura, Spain (ssp meridionale)
Alex García · Videoaves 20 May 2010 4 years ago 40 sec 4.5
Adults collecting nesting material from the ground Locality Hailuoto Island, Oulu Province, Finland (ssp urbicum)
Greg Baker 28 May 2007 6 weeks ago 22 sec 4.4
PhotosSee all 46 photos
Locality Zaymishche, Klintsy, Bryansk Oblast, Western Russia, Russia
Sergey Shursha 26 May 2013 7 weeks ago 4.5
bird on the nest
Locality Zagreb County, Croatia (ssp meridionale)
spiljar 2 July 2014 12 weeks ago 4.2
Locality Moselle, Lorraine, France
Didier Collin 6 June 2012 1 year ago 4.2
building the nest
Locality Laveno-Mombello, Lombardy Region, Italy (ssp meridionale)
Cristiano Crolle 19 May 2012 2 years ago 4.1
Fledged young at nest
Locality Zarnesti, Brasov County, Romania (ssp urbicum)
Luis Mario Arce 30 August 2014 25 weeks ago 4
Locality Ukraine (ssp urbicum)
Kostya Pazyuk 15 July 2013 41 weeks ago 4