Northern House Martin (Delichon urbicum) - HBW 9, p. 674
French: Hirondelle de fenêtre
Spanish: Avión Común
Other common names: House Martin, Common/European/Western House Martin
Taxonomy: Hirundo urbica Linnaeus, 1758, Sweden.
Forms a superspecies with D. dasypus; sometimes considered conspecific, but breeding ranges overlap (e.g. S of L Baikal). Nominate race exhibits largely clinal decrease in size from N to S, but abrupt size reduction in S Europe; birds in WC Europe sometimes separated as race fenestrarum. Race lagopodum and nominate breed parapatrically in Buryatia (S & E of L Baikal); review of taxonomic status of former required. Occasionally hybridizes with Hirundo rustica. Three subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- urbicum (Linnaeus, 1758) - W, C & N Europe E to W Siberia; winters mainly sub-Saharan Africa.
- meridionale (Hartert, 1910) - S Europe, N Africa and WC Asia (E to Tien Shan and Kashmir); winters Africa and SW Asia.
- lagopodum (Pallas, 1811) - E Asia from middle and upper R Yenisey, Altai Mts and N Mongolia E to Anadyrland, Sea of Okhotsk and NE China; probably winters mainly SE Asia.
- Least Concern Enlarge map
VideosSee all 81 videos
Two birds in a neighbour conflict, on a breeding colony. Locality Aínsa, Huesca, Aragón, Spain (ssp meridionale)
Josep del Hoyo 7 July 2013 1 year ago 47 sec 4.6
Adults feeding two young in a nest painted with the same color of the wall. Locality Corsica, France (ssp urbicum)
Pierandrea Brichetti 19 July 1999 13 weeks ago 36 sec 4.6
Adults occupying old nests and building new ones. Locality Monfragüe National Park, Cáceres, Extremadura, Spain
Pierandrea Brichetti 13 May 2008 1 year ago 37 sec 4.5
Four juveniles at their nests, being fed by there parents. Locality Ketelhaven, Dronten, Flevoland Province, Netherlands (ssp urbicum)
Yoel Jimenez 12 July 2013 1 year ago 1 min 37 sec 4.5
A colony collecting mud and building the nests. Locality Monfragüe National Park, Cáceres, Extremadura, Spain (ssp meridionale)
Alex García · Videoaves 20 May 2010 4 years ago 40 sec 4.5
Adults collecting nesting material from the ground Locality Hailuoto Island, Oulu Province, Finland (ssp urbicum)
Greg Baker 28 May 2007 11 weeks ago 22 sec 4.4
PhotosSee all 46 photos
Locality Zaymishche, Klintsy, Bryansk Oblast, Western Russia, Russia
Sergey Shursha 26 May 2013 11 weeks ago 4.5
bird on the nest
Locality Zagreb County, Croatia (ssp meridionale)
spiljar 2 July 2014 16 weeks ago 4.2
Locality Moselle, Lorraine, France
Didier Collin 6 June 2012 1 year ago 4.2
building the nest
Locality Laveno-Mombello, Lombardy Region, Italy (ssp meridionale)
Cristiano Crolle 19 May 2012 2 years ago 4.1
Fledged young at nest
Locality Zarnesti, Brasov County, Romania (ssp urbicum)
Luis Mario Arce 30 August 2014 30 weeks ago 4
Locality Ukraine (ssp urbicum)
Kostya Pazyuk 15 July 2013 45 weeks ago 4