Northern House Martin (Delichon urbicum) - HBW 9, p. 674
French: Hirondelle de fenêtre
Spanish: Avión Común
Other common names: House Martin, Common/European/Western House Martin
Taxonomy: Hirundo urbica Linnaeus, 1758, Sweden.
Forms a superspecies with D. dasypus; sometimes considered conspecific, but breeding ranges overlap (e.g. S of L Baikal). Nominate race exhibits largely clinal decrease in size from N to S, but abrupt size reduction in S Europe; birds in WC Europe sometimes separated as race fenestrarum. Race lagopodum and nominate breed parapatrically in Buryatia (S & E of L Baikal); review of taxonomic status of former required. Occasionally hybridizes with Hirundo rustica. Three subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- urbicum (Linnaeus, 1758) - W, C & N Europe E to W Siberia; winters mainly sub-Saharan Africa.
- meridionale (Hartert, 1910) - S Europe, N Africa and WC Asia (E to Tien Shan and Kashmir); winters Africa and SW Asia.
- lagopodum (Pallas, 1811) - E Asia from middle and upper R Yenisey, Altai Mts and N Mongolia E to Anadyrland, Sea of Okhotsk and NE China; probably winters mainly SE Asia.
- Least Concern Enlarge map
VideosSee all 75 videos
Two birds in a neighbour conflict, on a breeding colony. Locality Aínsa, Huesca, Aragón, Spain (ssp meridionale)
Josep del Hoyo 7 July 2013 1 year ago 47 sec 4.6
Northern House Martin adults occupying old nests and building new ones Locality Monfragüe National Park, Cáceres, Extremadura, Spain
Pierandrea Brichetti 13 May 2008 1 year ago 37 sec 4.5
A colony collecting mud and building the nests. Locality Monfragüe National Park, Cáceres, Extremadura, Spain (ssp meridionale)
Alex García · Videoaves 20 May 2010 4 years ago 40 sec 4.5
A huge group of migrating birds flying and resting on wires. Locality Robe, Ethiopia (ssp meridionale)
Josep del Hoyo 3 December 2005 8 years ago 44 sec 4.4
Four juveniles at their nests, being fed by there parents. Locality Ketelhaven, Dronten, Flevoland Province, Netherlands (ssp urbicum )
Yoel Jimenez 12 July 2013 1 year ago 1 min 37 sec 4.4
a bird in nice light building a nest Locality Vossemeer, Dronten, Flevoland Province, Netherlands (ssp urbicum)
Daniêl Jimenez 29 May 2011 3 years ago 1 min 15 sec 4.3
PhotosSee all 43 photos
bird on the nest
Locality Zagreb County, Croatia (ssp meridionale)
spiljar 2 July 2014 3 weeks ago ADDED LAST MONTH 4.1
building the nest
Locality Laveno-Mombello, Lombardy Region, Italy (ssp meridionale)
Cristiano Crolle 19 May 2012 2 years ago 4.1
Locality Ukraine (ssp urbicum)
Kostya Pazyuk 15 July 2013 32 weeks ago 4
Northern House Martin adult in the colorful nest
Locality Corsica, France
Pierandrea Brichetti 25 May 1977 1 year ago 4
Locality Moselle, Lorraine, France
Didier Collin 6 June 2012 1 year ago 4
Portrait of an adult bird
Locality El Rocío, Doñana National Park, Andalucia, Spain
Rafael Merchante 22 April 2013 1 year ago 4