Hawks and Eagles (Accipitridae)

Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) - HBW 2, p. 162

French: Autour des palombes German: Habicht Spanish: Azor Común

Taxonomy: Falco gentilis Linnaeus, 1758, (Swedish) Alps.
May form superspecies with A. melanoleucus, A. henstii and even A. Meyerianus. Internal taxonomy somewhat confused. American races may merit treatment as distinct species. Separate races have been awarded to birds from W & C Europe (gallinarum), Spain and N Africa (kleinschmidti), SE Europe (marginatus), and SW USA and NW Mexico (apache), but of doubtful validity, as at least some of variation clinal; many other dubious races described. Eight subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • gentilis (Linnaeus, 1758) - Europe and extreme NW Africa.
  • arrigonii (Kleinschmidt, 1903) - Corsica and Sardinia.
  • buteoides (Menzbier, 1882) - extreme N Eurasia, from N Sweden E to R Lena; winters S to C Europe and C Asia.

     See all 8 subspecies
  • gentilis (Linnaeus, 1758) - Europe and extreme NW Africa.
  • arrigonii (Kleinschmidt, 1903) - Corsica and Sardinia.
  • buteoides (Menzbier, 1882) - extreme N Eurasia, from N Sweden E to R Lena; winters S to C Europe and C Asia.
  • albidus (Menzbier, 1882) - NE Siberia to Kamchatka.
  • schvedowi (Menzbier, 1882) - Asia, from Urals to Amurland, Sakhalin and Kuril Is, S to C China; winters S to Himalayas and N Indochina.
  • fujiyamae (Swann & Hartert, 1923) - Japan.
  • atricapillus (Wilson, 1812) - North America, S to Tennessee and S Arizona (USA) and Jalisco (W Mexico).
  • laingi (Taverner, 1940) - Queen Charlotte Is and Vancouver I, British Columbia (W Canada).