New World Quails (Odontophoridae)

Northern Bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) - HBW 2, p. 425

French: Colin de Virginie German: Virginiawachtel Spanish: Colín de Virginia
Other common names: Common Bobwhite, Bobwhite; Rufous-bellied Bobwhite (pectoralis); Masked Bobwhite (ridgwayi); Black-headed Bobwhite (atriceps)

Taxonomy: Tetrao virginianus Linnaeus, 1758, America = South Carolina, USA.
Sometimes considered conspecific with C. nigrogularis. Several races have at times been considered full species. Validity of race nelsoni questionable. Twenty two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • marilandicus (Linnaeus, 1758) - SE Maine to C Virginia, NE USA.
  • virginianus (Linnaeus, 1758) - Virginia to N Florida and W to Alabama, E USA.
  • floridanus (Coues, 1872) - peninsular Florida, E USA.

     See all 22 subspecies
  • marilandicus (Linnaeus, 1758) - SE Maine to C Virginia, NE USA.
  • virginianus (Linnaeus, 1758) - Virginia to N Florida and W to Alabama, E USA.
  • floridanus (Coues, 1872) - peninsular Florida, E USA.
  • cubanensis (G. R. Gray, 1846) - Cuba and I of Pines.
  • mexicanus (Linnaeus, 1766) - E USA; W of marilandicus and E of taylori.
  • taylori Lincoln, 1915 - South Dakota to N Texas to W Missouri, C USA.
  • texanus (Lawrence, 1853) - SW Texas, USA, and Coahuila, Nuevo Leon and Tamaulipas, NE Mexico.
  • ridgwayi Brewster, 1885 - NC Sonora, Mexico; reintroduced to SE Arizona, SW USA, where extirpated in past.
  • maculatus Nelson, 1899 - C Tamaulipas to N Veracruz and SE San Luis Potosí, NE Mexico.
  • aridus Aldrich, 1942 - C Tamaulipas to SE San Luis Potosí, NE Mexico.
  • graysoni (Lawrence, 1867) - SE Nayarit and S Jalisco to Morelos, S Hidalgo and SC San Luis Potosí, C Mexico.
  • nigripectus Nelson, 1897 - Puebla, Morelos and México (state), Mexico.
  • pectoralis (Gould, 1843) - E slope of mountains of C Veracruz, E Mexico.
  • godmani Nelson, 1897 - lowland Veracruz, E Mexico.
  • minor Nelson, 1901 - NE Chiapas and adjacent Tabasco, S Mexico.
  • atriceps (Ogilvie Grant, 1893) - extreme W Oaxaca, S Mexico.
  • thayeri Bangs & Peters, 1928 - NE Oaxaca, S Mexico.
  • harrisoni Orr & Webster, 1968 - SW Oaxaca, S Mexico.
  • coyolcos (P. L. S. Müller, 1776) - coast of E Oaxaca and N Chiapas, S Mexico.
  • nelsoni Brodkorb, 1942 - S Chiapas, Mexico.
  • salvini Nelson, 1897 - coast of S Chiapas, Mexico.
  • insignis Nelson, 1897 - S Chiapas, S Mexico, and Huehuetenango, W Guatemala.