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Pigeons and Doves (Columbidae)

New Zealand Pigeon (Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae) - HBW 4, p. 242

French: Carpophage de Nouvelle-Zélande German: Maorifruchttaube Spanish: Paloma Maorí
Other common names: New Zealand Fruit-pigeon, Native Pigeon; Kereru (novaeseelandiae); Parea (chathamensis)

Taxonomy: Columba novæ Seelandiæ J. F. Gmelin, 1789, South Island, New Zealand.
A distinctive genus of uncertain affinities, perhaps allied with Lopholaimus which also has only 12 tail feathers, and cere feathered dorsally; more distantly allied with Ducula. Recent work suggests that the three races may more appropriately be considered separate species. Race spadicea of Norfolk I extinct. Two extant subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • novaeseelandiae (J. F. Gmelin, 1789) - New Zealand, including larger offshore islands.
  • chathamensis (Rothschild, 1891) - Chatham Is.