Wrens (Troglodytidae)

Musician Wren (Cyphorhinus arada) - HBW 10, p. 447

French: Troglodyte arada German: Orpheuszaunkönig Spanish: Cucarachero Musical
Other common names: Musical/Southern Musical Wren, Quadrille Wren, Carillon Wren, Organ Wren (some races), Necklaced Jungle Wren (some races)

Taxonomy: Myrm[ornis] arada Hermann, 1783, Cayenne.
May form a superspecies with C. thoracicus and C. phaeocephalus. Sometimes regarded as conspecific with latter, an implausible treatment given the very distinct vocalizations of the two. It has been suggested that NE races possibly represent a separate species from W & S races. Species name often erroneously emended to aradus; the name is not of Latin origin but from a local native language, and as such must remain invariable. Eight subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • arada (Hermann, 1783) - E Venezuela, the Guianas and NE Brazil (E from lower R Negro, S to Amazon).
  • urbanoi (J. T. Zimmer & Phelps, Sr, 1946) - Gran Sabana (SE Bolívar), in SE Venezuela.
  • faroensis (J. T. Zimmer & Phelps, Sr, 1946) - region of Faro and Óbidos (probably also W to mouth of R Negro), on lower Amazon (Brazil).

     See all 8 subspecies
  • arada (Hermann, 1783) - E Venezuela, the Guianas and NE Brazil (E from lower R Negro, S to Amazon).
  • urbanoi (J. T. Zimmer & Phelps, Sr, 1946) - Gran Sabana (SE Bolívar), in SE Venezuela.
  • faroensis (J. T. Zimmer & Phelps, Sr, 1946) - region of Faro and Óbidos (probably also W to mouth of R Negro), on lower Amazon (Brazil).
  • transfluvialis (Todd, 1932) - base of E Andes in S Colombia (Caquetá) E to NW Brazil (E to R Negro).
  • salvini Sharpe, 1882 - S Colombia (Putumayo), E Ecuador and NE Peru (Loreto).
  • modulator (d’Orbigny, 1838) - lowlands of E Peru, W Brazil (E, S of Amazon, to R Madeira) and N Bolivia.
  • interpositus (Todd, 1932) - NC Brazil from R Madeira E to R Tapajós, S to N Mato Grosso.
  • griseolateralis Ridgway, 1888 - S bank of lower Amazon E of R Tapajós, S to R Jamanxim (Brazil).