Mozambique Nightjar (Caprimulgus fossii) - HBW 5, p. 378
French: Engoulevent du Mozambique
Spanish: Chotacabras de Fosse
Other common names: Gabon/Gaboon/Square-tailed Nightjar
Taxonomy: Caprimulgus Fossii Hartlaub, 1857, Gabon.
Formerly considered conspecific with C. clarus, and these two form superspecies with C. climacurus; all three have frequently been separated in genus Scotornis. In past, birds of coastal E Africa sometimes placed in race mossambicus. Three subspecies currently recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- fossii Hartlaub, 1857 - N & SW Gabon, and possibly SW Congo.
- welwitschii Bocage, 1867 - S Zaire, S Burundi and S Tanzania S to N Namibia, N & E Botswana and NE South Africa.
- griseoplurus Clancey, 1965 - Kalahari Desert and extreme N South Africa.
- Least Concern Enlarge map
VideosSee all 8 videos
Spotlighted at night Locality iSimangaliso Wetland Park, KwaZulu Natal Province, South Africa
Juan Sanabria 1 August 2013 2 years ago 1 min 3 sec 4.8
A side view of an individual spotlighted on the ground Locality Liwonde National Park, Southern Region, Malawi (ssp welwitschii)
Greg Baker 21 October 2005 3 years ago 14 sec 4.5
In a sandy road Locality Mkuze Game Reserve, iSimangaliso Wetland Park, KwaZulu Natal Province, South Africa
Juan Sanabria 1 August 2013 2 years ago 1 min 4.3
A bird singing on the ground and then flying away. Locality Mweya Lodge, Queen Elizabeth National Park, Uganda (ssp welwitschii)
Josep del Hoyo 4 September 2006 9 years ago 17 sec 4.3
Bird hidden on the floor. Locality Caprivi Region, Namibia
ANTHONY VILLAUME 14 November 2015 13 weeks ago 23 sec 4.2
Spotlighted bird on the ground Locality iSimangaliso Wetland Park, KwaZulu Natal Province, South Africa
Juan Sanabria 1 August 2013 2 years ago 23 sec 3.8
PhotosSee all 14 photos
A bird on the ground
Locality Libreville, Estuaire Province, Gabon
Paul van Giersbergen 22 September 2013 1 year ago 4.8
A bird roosting on the ground
Locality Kruger National Park, South Africa
Dubi Shapiro 4 October 2010 24 weeks ago 4.7
Roosting on a rocky outcrop.
Locality Mburo Lake National Park, Uganda (ssp welwitschii)
David Beadle 27 February 2014 1 year ago 4.4
Immature ? on the soil
Locality Kribi, South Province, Cameroon
Bernard Guevorts 15 March 2014 2 years ago 4.3
Square-tailed / Mozambique Nightjar male roosting by day
Locality Liwonde National Park, Southern Region, Malawi (ssp welwitschii)
Jason Anderson 9 December 2012 3 years ago 4.1
Nightjar nesting on beach
Locality Gamba, Ogooué-Maritime Province, Gabon
andybum 27 May 2015 38 weeks ago 4