Mozambique Nightjar (Caprimulgus fossii) - HBW 5, p. 378
French: Engoulevent du Mozambique
Spanish: Chotacabras de Fosse
Other common names: Gabon/Gaboon/Square-tailed Nightjar
Taxonomy: Caprimulgus Fossii Hartlaub, 1857, Gabon.
Formerly considered conspecific with C. clarus, and these two form superspecies with C. climacurus; all three have frequently been separated in genus Scotornis. In past, birds of coastal E Africa sometimes placed in race mossambicus. Three subspecies currently recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- fossii Hartlaub, 1857 - N & SW Gabon, and possibly SW Congo.
- welwitschii Bocage, 1867 - S Zaire, S Burundi and S Tanzania S to N Namibia, N & E Botswana and NE South Africa.
- griseoplurus Clancey, 1965 - Kalahari Desert and extreme N South Africa.
- Least Concern Enlarge map
VideosSee all 7 videos
Spotlighted at night Locality iSimangaliso Wetland Park, KwaZulu Natal Province, South Africa
Juan Sanabria 1 August 2013 2 years ago 1 min 3 sec 4.9
A side view of an individual spotlighted on the ground Locality Liwonde National Park, Southern Region, Malawi (ssp welwitschii)
Greg Baker 21 October 2005 3 years ago 14 sec 4.5
In a sandy road Locality Mkuze Game Reserve, iSimangaliso Wetland Park, KwaZulu Natal Province, South Africa
Juan Sanabria 1 August 2013 2 years ago 1 min 4.3
A bird singing on the ground and then flying away. Locality Mweya Lodge, Queen Elizabeth National Park, Uganda (ssp welwitschii)
Josep del Hoyo 4 September 2006 8 years ago 17 sec 4.3
Spotlighted bird on the ground Locality iSimangaliso Wetland Park, KwaZulu Natal Province, South Africa
Juan Sanabria 1 August 2013 2 years ago 23 sec 4
A bird on the ground Locality Kruger National Park, South Africa (ssp welwitschii)
Francesc Capdevila i Torr... 1 October 2002 11 years ago 22 sec 3.8
PhotosSee all 14 photos
A bird on the ground
Locality Libreville, Estuaire Province, Gabon
Paul van Giersbergen 22 September 2013 1 year ago 4.8
A bird roosting on the ground
Locality Kruger National Park, South Africa
Dubi Shapiro 4 October 2010 4 weeks ago 4.7
Roosting on a rocky outcrop.
Locality Mburo Lake National Park, Uganda (ssp welwitschii)
David Beadle 27 February 2014 1 year ago 4.4
Immature ? on the soil
Locality Kribi, South Province, Cameroon
Bernard Guevorts 15 March 2014 1 year ago 4.3
Square-tailed / Mozambique Nightjar male roosting by day
Locality Liwonde National Park, Southern Region, Malawi (ssp welwitschii)
Jason Anderson 9 December 2012 3 years ago 4.1
Nightjar nesting on beach
Locality Gamba, Ogooué-Maritime Province, Gabon
andybum 27 May 2015 19 weeks ago 4