Nightjars (Caprimulgidae)

Mozambique Nightjar (Caprimulgus fossii) - HBW 5, p. 378

French: Engoulevent du Mozambique German: Welwitschnachtschwalbe Spanish: Chotacabras de Fosse
Other common names: Gabon/Gaboon/Square-tailed Nightjar

Taxonomy: Caprimulgus Fossii Hartlaub, 1857, Gabon.
Formerly considered conspecific with C. clarus, and these two form superspecies with C. climacurus; all three have frequently been separated in genus Scotornis. In past, birds of coastal E Africa sometimes placed in race mossambicus. Three subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • fossii Hartlaub, 1857 - N & SW Gabon, and possibly SW Congo.
  • welwitschii Bocage, 1867 - S Zaire, S Burundi and S Tanzania S to N Namibia, N & E Botswana and NE South Africa.
  • griseoplurus Clancey, 1965 - Kalahari Desert and extreme N South Africa.