New World Quails (Odontophoridae)

Mountain Quail (Oreortyx pictus) - HBW 2, p. 423

French: Colin des montagnes German: Bergwachtel Spanish: Colín Serrano

Taxonomy: Ortyx picta Douglas, 1829, New California = Linn Co., Oregon, USA.
Race palmeri considered synonymous with nominate. Five subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • pictus (Douglas, 1829) - SW Washington to C California, W USA; also (probably introduced) Vancouver I, SW Canada, and W Washington, NW USA.
  • plumiferus (Gould, 1938) - S Washington to W Nevada and NE & NC California, W USA.
  • russelli Miller, 1946 - S California, W USA.

     See all 5 subspecies
  • pictus (Douglas, 1829) - SW Washington to C California, W USA; also (probably introduced) Vancouver I, SW Canada, and W Washington, NW USA.
  • plumiferus (Gould, 1938) - S Washington to W Nevada and NE & NC California, W USA.
  • russelli Miller, 1946 - S California, W USA.
  • eremophila van Rossem, 1937 - S & WC California and SW Nevada, W USA, to extreme N Baja California, NW Mexico.
  • confinis Anthony, 1889 - N Baja California, Mexico.