Pipits and Wagtails (Motacillidae)

Meadow Pipit (Anthus pratensis) - HBW 9, p. 763

French: Pipit farlouse German: Wiesenpieper Spanish: Bisbita Pratense

Taxonomy: Alauda pratensis Linnaeus, 1758, Sweden.
Relationships uncertain; possibly forms a clade with A. roseatus, A. cervinus, A. spinoletta, A. petrosus and A. rubescens. Validity of race whistleri debatable, possibly only a clinal variant. Proposed races enigmaticus (described from Tashkent) and theresae (W Ireland) included, respectively, in nominate and whistleri. Two subspecies tentatively recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • pratensis (Linnaeus, 1758) - breeds SE Greenland, Iceland, and from N, NW & C Europe (except N Scotland and Ireland) E to W Siberia, S to S France and C Romania; has bred Italy (Appennines); isolated population in Caucasus (border mountains of Georgia and Armenia). Winters S to N Africa, Middle East and SW Asia.
  • whistleri Clancey, 1942 - N Scotland and Ireland.