Orioles (Oriolidae)

Maroon Oriole (Oriolus traillii) - HBW 13, p. 730

French: Loriot pourpré German: Blutpirol Spanish: Oropéndola Granate

Taxonomy: Pastor Traillii Vigors, 1832, no locality = Darjeeling, north India.
Closely related to O. hosii, O. cruentus and, especially, O. mellianus; all, together with O. xanthornus, form the “Asian black-headed group”. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • traillii (Vigors, 1832) - Himalayas, Myanmar, S China (Yunnan E to SE Guizhou and W Guangxi), N Thailand, N Laos and N Vietnam.
  • robinsoni Delacour, 1927 - S Laos and S Vietnam.
  • nigellicauda (Swinhoe, 1870) - Hainan I.
  • ardens (Swinhoe, 1862) - Taiwan.