Malachite Kingfisher (Alcedo cristata) - HBW 6, p. 234
French: Martin-pêcheur huppé
Spanish: Martín Pescador Malaquita
Other common names: Diademed Kingfisher(!)
Taxonomy: Alcedo cristata Pallas, 1764, Cape of Good Hope.
Closely related to A. leucogaster and A. vintsioides, and sometimes placed with them in a separate genus Corythornis; forms a superspecies with A. vintsioides; also close to A. nais and A. thomensis, with both of which it has been regarded as conspecific. Racial divisions confused, and further work needed for clarification; recent works have listed three or four races, but with very divergent distributions for some of them; proposed forms robertsi and cyanostigma are synonyms of nominate. Three subspecies currently recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- galerita P. L. S. Müller, 1776 - Senegal E to Ghana.
- cristata Pallas, 1764 - Nigeria E to Sudan, Uganda and Kenya, and S to S Angola, N Namibia and Botswana, Zimbabwe and South Africa.
- stuartkeithi (Dickerman, 1989) - Sudan (Blue Nile), Ethiopia and S Somalia; possibly resident also in E Yemen (2 records).
- Least Concern Enlarge map
VideosSee all 27 videos
A bird standing on a trunk and then flying away Locality Rubondo, Uganda (ssp galerita)
Josep del Hoyo 11 September 2006 9 years ago 31 sec 4.8
A bird perched in the reeds. Locality Kartong, Western Division, The Gambia (ssp galerita)
Yoel Jimenez 11 November 2014 1 year ago 59 sec 4.6
An adult ejecting a pellet, capturing a prey and eating it Locality Lake Ziway, Oromia Region, Ethiopia (ssp stuartkeithi)
Josep del Hoyo 30 November 2005 9 years ago 35 sec 4.6
A bird perched close to the water, capturing a small fish and eating it Locality Awassa Lake, SNNP Region, Ethiopia (ssp stuartkeithi)
Josep del Hoyo 18 December 2005 9 years ago 40 sec 4.5
An adult perched on a folded leaf Locality Lake Ziway, Oromia Region, Ethiopia (ssp stuartkeithi)
Josep del Hoyo 30 November 2005 9 years ago 46 sec 4.4
Back, side and front view of an adult resting on a branch (Sweni bird hide) Locality Kruger National Park, South Africa
Ghislain Gosse 18 October 2014 15 weeks ago 31 sec 4.4
PhotosSee all 66 photos
Adult perched on a twig close to water's edge.
Locality Culley's Dam, Port Edward, KwaZulu Natal Province, South Africa (ssp cristata)
Stan Culley 1 February 2015 19 weeks ago 4.9
Young Malachite kingfisher successfully catches a frog
Locality Rawsonville, Western Cape Province, South Africa
Louis Groenewald 3 April 2013 2 years ago 4.8
An adult on a branch
Locality Mburo Lake, Mburo Lake National Park, Uganda (ssp cristata)
Frederic Pelsy 5 October 2015 21 weeks ago 4.8
Bird siiting on a branch
Locality Mburo Lake National Park, Uganda (ssp cristata)
Arti 4 March 2011 4 years ago 4.8
Locality Kotu Creek, Kotu, Banjul, The Gambia (ssp galerita)
Paul Cools 14 February 2012 3 years ago 4.7
Immature malachite kingfisher about to swallow a frog
Locality Rawsonville, Western Cape Province, South Africa (ssp cristata)
Louis Groenewald 2 March 2013 2 years ago 4.7
- No sound recordings available yet