Pigeons and Doves (Columbidae)

Madagascar Turtle-dove (Streptopelia picturata) - HBW 4, p. 140

French: Pigeon de Madagascar German: Madagaskarturteltaube Spanish: Tórtola Malgache
Other common names: Painted Dove, Red Turtle-dove(!)

Taxonomy: Columba Picturata Temminck, 1813, Mauritius.
A very distinct member of the genus, more heavily built than congeners, with longer legs; sometimes placed in genus Columba, where linked with C. delegorguei; has been claimed to have affinities with S. turtur and allies. Internal taxonomy confused: in past, birds from Aldabra erroneously placed in race aldabrana (origin of type specimen presumably mistaken), with those of Amirantes awarded race saturata; birds of Assumption I were awarded a separate race, assumptionis; birds of Chagos Is formerly awarded race chuni, but now identified as hybri.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Columba Picturata Temminck, 1813, Mauritius.
A very distinct member of the genus, more heavily built than congeners, with longer legs; sometimes placed in genus Columba, where linked with C. delegorguei; has been claimed to have affinities with S. turtur and allies. Internal taxonomy confused: in past, birds from Aldabra erroneously placed in race aldabrana (origin of type specimen presumably mistaken), with those of Amirantes awarded race saturata; birds of Assumption I were awarded a separate race, assumptionis; birds of Chagos Is formerly awarded race chuni, but now identified as hybrids picturata x comorensis, possibly introduced from ships. Five subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • rostrata (Bonaparte, 1855) - Seychelles, on Praslin, Aride, Mahé, Cousin, Cousine and Bird I.
  • aldabrana (P. L. Sclater, 1872) - Amirantes Is.
  • copperingi (Sharpe, 1884) - Aldabra, South I (Cosmoledo Atoll) and Glorieuses Is (N of Madagascar); formerly also on Cosmoledo I, Astove and Assumption.

     See all 5 subspecies
  • rostrata (Bonaparte, 1855) - Seychelles, on Praslin, Aride, Mahé, Cousin, Cousine and Bird I.
  • aldabrana (P. L. Sclater, 1872) - Amirantes Is.
  • copperingi (Sharpe, 1884) - Aldabra, South I (Cosmoledo Atoll) and Glorieuses Is (N of Madagascar); formerly also on Cosmoledo I, Astove and Assumption.
  • comorensis (E. Newton, 1877) - Comoros Is.
  • picturata (Temminck, 1813) - Madagascar.
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