Luzon Tarictic Hornbill (Penelopides manillae) - HBW 6, p. 507
French: Calao de Manille
Spanish: Cálao Chico de Luzón
Other common names: Luzon Hornbill
Taxonomy: Buceros Manillæ Boddaert, 1783, Manila, Philippines.
Forms a superspecies with P. panini, P. affinis and P. mindorensis, and all four formerly considered conspecific; P. exarhatus also treated as conspecific by some authors. Original spelling of species name actually appears to be “manilloe”, but appearance of diphthongs varies with original typescripts, and internal evidence from this same work clearly indicates author's intended name to have been “manillae”. Two subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- manillae (Boddaert, 1783) - N Philippines, on Luzon, Marinduque, Catanduanes and adjacent islets.
- subniger McGregor, 1910 - Polillo I and Patnanongan I.
- Least Concern Enlarge map