Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Lineated Woodpecker (Dryocopus lineatus) - HBW 7, p. 526

French: Pic ouentou German: Linienspecht Spanish: Picamaderos Listado
Other common names: Black-mantled Woodpecker (erythrops)

Taxonomy: Picus lineatus Linnaeus, 1766, Cayenne.
Forms a superspecies with D. pileatus and D. schulzi. Interbreeds with latter. Large degree of individual variation exists among all populations. Race erythrops, previously regarded as a separate species, is perhaps only a variable morph. Additional described races are obsoletus (Sonora), petersi (Tamaulipas), mesorhynchus (Costa Rica), nuperus (Santa Marta, in N Colombia), improcerus (Bahia, in E Brazil) and fulcitus (Chaco, in Argentina), all considered insufficiently differentiated to be accepted. Five subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • scapularis (Vigors, 1829) - W Mexico (S from Sonora).
  • similis (Lesson, 1847) - E & S Mexico S to NW Costa Rica.
  • lineatus (Linnaeus, 1766) - E & S Costa Rica to W Colombia and E to Trinidad, the Guianas and NE & E Brazil (Maranhão, Bahia), S to E Peru, N Paraguay and São Paulo.

     See all 5 subspecies
  • scapularis (Vigors, 1829) - W Mexico (S from Sonora).
  • similis (Lesson, 1847) - E & S Mexico S to NW Costa Rica.
  • lineatus (Linnaeus, 1766) - E & S Costa Rica to W Colombia and E to Trinidad, the Guianas and NE & E Brazil (Maranhão, Bahia), S to E Peru, N Paraguay and São Paulo.
  • fuscipennis P. L. Sclater, 1860 - W Ecuador and NW Peru.
  • erythrops (Valenciennes, 1826) - E Paraguay, N & NE Argentina (E Salta, Misiones, Corrientes) and SE Brazil (Espírito Santo and São Paulo S to Rio Grande do Sul).