Limpkin (Aramus guarauna) - HBW 3, p. 95
French: Courlan brun
Taxonomy: Scopolax [sic] Guarauna Linnaeus, 1766, Cayenne.
Shows morphological affinities with Gruidae and Rallidae; recent work with DNA suggests possible grouping with finfoots in family Heliornithidae. In past, N birds were considered to constitute a separate species, A. pictus. Present species formerly known as A. scolopaceus, but species name pre-dated by guarauna; in past, on occasion, South American birds were split into two races, scolopaceus (Colombia to C Brazil) and carau (S Brazil to Paraguay, Uruguay and N Argentina). Four subespecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- pictus (F. A. A. Meyer, 1794) - Florida, Cuba and Jamaica.
- elucus J. L. Peters, 1925 - Hispaniola and Puerto Rico.
- dolosus J. L. Peters, 1925 - SE Mexico to Panama.
- guarauna (Linnaeus, 1766) - South America, except arid W coast, Andes and extreme S.
- Least Concern Enlarge map
VideosSee all 45 videos
An immature calling, walking over fallen trunks and then defecating Locality Coba, Quintana Roo State, Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico (Southern) (ssp dolosus)
Josep del Hoyo 28 September 2006 5 years ago 42 sec 4.8
A bird catching a snail, going to a pond to wash it and then feeding the immature that was waiting Locality Coba, Quintana Roo State, Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico (Southern) (ssp dolosus)
Josep del Hoyo 28 September 2006 5 years ago 43 sec 4.8
Looking for food in the evening. Locality Gamboa, Panama Province, Panama (ssp dolosus)
Eldert Groenewoud 1 May 2010 3 weeks ago ADDED LAST MONTH 28 sec 4.7
A bird grabbing a snail out of the water, and detaching the snail from its shell with its bill for consumption at the shore. Locality Coba, Quintana Roo State, Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico (Southern) (ssp dolosus)
Pieter de Groot Boersma 24 July 2005 6 years ago 1 min 5 sec 4.5
Preening and slowly walking away. Locality Potts Preserve, Citrus County, Florida, USA (United States) (ssp pictus)
Ken Simonite 12 March 2012 1 year ago 56 sec 4.4
A bird calling in a tree Locality Curicaca Wildlife Refuge, Pantanal, Mato Grosso State, Brazil (ssp guarauna)
Yaiza Aragón 14 March 2008 5 years ago 15 sec 4.3
PhotosSee all 43 photos
Adult bird, with his favorite meal.
Locality Everglades National Park, Florida, USA (United States) (ssp pictus)
Paul Cools 8 February 2010 34 weeks ago 4.9
This limpkin was out in the open.
Locality Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge, Palm Beach County, Florida, USA (United States) (ssp pictus)
Patrick Ellsworth 15 February 2007 1 year ago 4.4
Locality Coba, Quintana Roo State, Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico (Southern)
Rafael Merchante 16 September 2012 5 weeks ago 4.2
A bird looks for food in the wetland.
Locality Esteros del Iberá, Corrientes Province, Argentina (ssp guarauna)
Carmelo López 30 October 2011 1 year ago 4.2
Adult bird looking for watersnails.
Locality Everglades National Park, Florida, USA (United States)
Paul Cools 9 February 2010 34 weeks ago 4.2
A bird walking on the water.
Locality Cocha Cashu Biological Station, Manu National Park, Manu Biosphere Reserve, Madre de Dios Department, Peru (ssp guarauna)
Joe Tobias 30 November 2004 48 weeks ago 4.2
Calls by two birds. Locality Fazenda Praia Alta, Tocantins State, Brazil
Josep del Hoyo 4 August 2011 1 year ago 4.7
Two birds singing evening. Locality Passo do Lontra, Pantanal, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil
Antonio Silveira 1 August 1992 49 weeks ago 4
Calls Locality Estancia El Bagual, Formosa Province, Argentina
Nacho Areta 1 December 2006 3 years ago 4