Limpkin (Aramus guarauna) - HBW 3, p. 95
French: Courlan brun
Taxonomy: Scopolax [sic] Guarauna Linnaeus, 1766, Cayenne.
Shows morphological affinities with Gruidae and Rallidae; recent work with DNA suggests possible grouping with finfoots in family Heliornithidae. In past, N birds were considered to constitute a separate species, A. pictus. Present species formerly known as A. scolopaceus, but species name pre-dated by guarauna; in past, on occasion, South American birds were split into two races, scolopaceus (Colombia to C Brazil) and carau (S Brazil to Paraguay, Uruguay and N Argentina). Four subespecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- pictus (F. A. A. Meyer, 1794) - Florida, Cuba and Jamaica.
- elucus J. L. Peters, 1925 - Hispaniola and Puerto Rico.
- dolosus J. L. Peters, 1925 - SE Mexico to Panama.
- guarauna (Linnaeus, 1766) - South America, except arid W coast, Andes and extreme S.
- Least Concern Enlarge map
VideosSee all 50 videos
An immature calling, walking over fallen trunks and then defecating Locality Coba, Quintana Roo State, Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico (Southern) (ssp dolosus)
Josep del Hoyo 28 September 2006 6 years ago 42 sec 4.8
A bird catching a snail, going to a pond to wash it and then feeding the immature that was waiting Locality Coba, Quintana Roo State, Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico (Southern) (ssp dolosus)
Josep del Hoyo 28 September 2006 6 years ago 43 sec 4.7
A bird grabbing a snail out of the water, and detaching the snail from its shell with its bill for consumption at the shore. Locality Coba, Quintana Roo State, Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico (Southern) (ssp dolosus)
Pieter de Groot Boersma 24 July 2005 7 years ago 1 min 5 sec 4.5
Looking for food in the evening. Locality Gamboa, Panama Province, Panama (ssp dolosus)
Eldert Groenewoud 1 May 2010 1 year ago 28 sec 4.5
couple in open grassland Locality Finca La Vuelta Larga, Sucre State, Venezuela
Thore Noernberg 7 August 2012 1 year ago 31 sec 4.5
Preening and slowly walking away. Locality Potts Preserve, Citrus County, Florida, USA (United States) (ssp pictus)
Ken Simonite 12 March 2012 2 years ago 56 sec 4.4
PhotosSee all 51 photos
Adult bird, with his favorite meal.
Locality Everglades National Park, Florida, USA (United States) (ssp pictus)
Paul Cools 8 February 2010 1 year ago 4.9
This limpkin was out in the open.
Locality Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge, Palm Beach County, Florida, USA (United States) (ssp pictus)
Patrick Ellsworth 15 February 2007 2 years ago 4.4
Individual adult undetermined.
Locality Poconé, Pantanal, Mato Grosso State, Brazil
Bruno Salaroli 8 September 2011 1 year ago 4.3
Adult perched in the afternoon sun.
Locality Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge, Palm Beach County, Florida, USA (United States)
kevinguse 28 April 2013 51 weeks ago 4.2
Locality Coba, Quintana Roo State, Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico (Southern)
Rafael Merchante 16 September 2012 1 year ago 4.2
A bird looks for food in the wetland.
Locality Esteros del Iberá, Corrientes Province, Argentina (ssp guarauna)
Carmelo López 30 October 2011 2 years ago 4.2
Calls by two birds. Locality Fazenda Praia Alta, Tocantins State, Brazil
Josep del Hoyo 4 August 2011 2 years ago 4.7
Song Locality Puerto Piracuacito, Santa Fe Province, Argentina
Martin Manassero 28 December 2013 33 weeks ago 4
Two birds singing evening. Locality Passo do Lontra, Pantanal, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil
Antonio Silveira 1 August 1992 2 years ago 4
Calls Locality Estancia El Bagual, Formosa Province, Argentina
Nacho Areta 1 December 2006 4 years ago 4
Click to play
Bird call near the lagoon. Locality Laguna del Diario, Maldonado, Maldonado Department, Uruguay
Antonio Silveira 19 February 2014 24 weeks ago 0