Lesser Kiskadee (Philohydor lictor) - HBW 9, p. 409
French: Tyran licteur
Spanish: Bienteveo Chico
Taxonomy: L[anius] Lictor M. H. K. Lichtenstein, 1823, Belém, east Pará, Brazil.
Long considered close relative of Pitangus; on basis of a single syringeal character, suggested these two form a clade; substantial differences in morphology and behaviour, as well as molecular data, however, suggest otherwise. Molecular data indicate possible close relationship with Phelpsia, but additional evidence required in order to test this hypothesis. Two subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- panamensis Bangs & T. E. Penard, 1918 - E Panama (E from Canal Zone) and Caribbean coast of Colombia (Atrato E to Santa Marta and lower R Magdalena).
- lictor (M. H. K. Lichtenstein, 1823) - Venezuela and the Guianas S to E Colombia, E Ecuador and E Peru, Amazonian & E Brazil (E to Amapá, Maranhão and W Piauí, S to Goiás and N Mato Grosso do Sul, and from Pernambuco S to Rio de Janeiro) and N Bolivia (S to Cochabamba and N Santa Cruz).
- Least Concern Enlarge map
VideosSee all 17 videos
A bird perched in vegetation. Locality Gamboa, Panama Province, Panama (ssp panamensis)
Eldert Groenewoud 1 May 2010 1 year ago 27 sec 4.8
Dorsal and frontal views of a calling bird at the water's edge (always found next to a body of water). Locality Weg naar Zee, Paramaribo, Paramaribo District, Suriname (ssp lictor)
Pieter de Groot Boersma 26 March 2011 3 years ago 34 sec 4.3
A ringed bird perched on a branch Locality El Paujil Natural Reserve, Colombia (ssp panamensis)
Josep del Hoyo 2 February 2007 7 years ago 29 sec 4.2
A bird perched in a tree looking around and flying away. Locality Fazenda Praia Alta, Tocantins State, Brazil (ssp lictor)
Josep del Hoyo 4 August 2011 3 years ago 23 sec 4.1
bird in the bush singing/calling Locality Tingo María, Huánuco Department, Peru
Wim ten Have 12 August 2011 2 years ago 13 sec 4
A frontal view of a calling bird at the water's edge (always found next to a body of water). Locality Weg naar Zee, Paramaribo, Paramaribo District, Suriname (ssp lictor)
Pieter de Groot Boersma 26 March 2011 3 years ago 27 sec 3.8
PhotosSee all 20 photos
adulto sobre una rama
Locality Cuyabeno, Sucumbios Province, Ecuador (ssp lictor)
J. Barreda 28 July 2013 5 weeks ago 4.6
Locality Salines de Montjoly, Remire-Montjoly, French Guiana
Patrick Ingremeau 2 November 2009 4 years ago 4.3
Pecho Amarillo Orillero.Par de Juveniles con su Madre.
Locality Ayacucho Park, Barquisimeto, Lara State, Venezuela
Eduardo Freitez Gassán 28 March 2014 1 year ago 4
Adult bird perched in riverine bush
Locality Hato Piñero, Cojedes State, Venezuela (ssp lictor)
Mikko Pyhälä 18 December 2008 6 years ago 3.9
An adult bird in a branch.
Locality Parintins, Amazonas State, Brazil
Anselmo d Affonseca 3 years ago 3.8
on a shrub
Locality Nilo, Cundinamarca Department, Colombia
mauricio rueda 16 October 2010 4 years ago 3.8
Calls from a bird near ponds Locality Floresta Amazonica Hotel, Mato Grosso State, Brazil
Bradley Davis 15 January 2006 5 years ago 3
Bird singing in vegetation near the pond. Historical record, perhaps the first record for the species for the region. Locality Jardim Bopiranga, Itanhaém, São Paulo State, Brazil
Antonio Silveira 20 March 1993 2 years ago 0