Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Lesser Kiskadee (Philohydor lictor) - HBW 9, p. 409

French: Tyran licteur German: Liktormaskentyrann Spanish: Bienteveo Chico

Taxonomy: L[anius] Lictor M. H. K. Lichtenstein, 1823, Belém, east Pará, Brazil.
Long considered close relative of Pitangus; on basis of a single syringeal character, suggested these two form a clade; substantial differences in morphology and behaviour, as well as molecular data, however, suggest otherwise. Molecular data indicate possible close relationship with Phelpsia, but additional evidence required in order to test this hypothesis. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • panamensis Bangs & T. E. Penard, 1918 - E Panama (E from Canal Zone) and Caribbean coast of Colombia (Atrato E to Santa Marta and lower R Magdalena).
  • lictor (M. H. K. Lichtenstein, 1823) - Venezuela and the Guianas S to E Colombia, E Ecuador and E Peru, Amazonian & E Brazil (E to Amapá, Maranhão and W Piauí, S to Goiás and N Mato Grosso do Sul, and from Pernambuco S to Rio de Janeiro) and N Bolivia (S to Cochabamba and N Santa Cruz).