Buntings and New World Sparrows (Emberizidae)

Lark Sparrow (Chondestes grammacus) - HBW 16, p. 563

French: Bruant à joues marron German: Rainammer Spanish: Chingolo Arlequín

Taxonomy: Fringilla grammaca Say, 1822, Bellefontaine, 4 miles [6·4 km] from mouth of Missouri River, Missouri, USA.
Probably close to Calamospiza and Amphispiza. Geographical variation largely clinal; races poorly differentiated. Proposed race quillini (described from Cotulla, Texas) included within strigatus. Two subspecies generally recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • strigatus Swainson, 1827 - breeds in S Canada from S interior British Columbia and SE Alberta E to S Saskatchewan and S Manitoba, and W USA from Oregon E to the Dakotas and S to S California, C Nevada and S Arizona (Chiricahua Mts), S to N Mexico (N Sonora E to Coahuila, S to Zacatecas, Nuevo León and W Tamaulipas); non-breeding from S edge of breeding range S to S Louisiana and Mexico (S, except Yucatán Peninsula and adjacent lowlands, to S Baja California, Veracruz and Chiapas).
  • grammacus (Say, 1822) - breeds from Minnesota and C Wisconsin S to Texas, E to Ohio, Mississippi Valley and Louisiana; non-breeding from C Texas and S Louisiana S through C Mexico to Guerrero and Oaxaca.