Nightjars (Caprimulgidae)

Large-tailed Nightjar (Caprimulgus macrurus) - HBW 5, p. 365

French: Engoulevent de Horsfield German: Langschwanz-Nachtschwalbe Spanish: Chotacabras Macruro
Other common names: Long-tailed Nightjar(!)

Taxonomy: Caprimulgus macrurus Horsfield, 1821, Java.
Forms superspecies with C. atripennis, C. manillensis and C. celebensis, and all four were formerly considered conspecific. Race schlegelii includes possible races: schillmolleri (N Moluccas and W Papuan Is); obiensis (NC Moluccas); mesophanis (S Moluccas); oberholseri (W Lesser Sundas); kuehni (Kai and Tanimbar); yorki (Bismarck Archipelago to N Australia); and meeki (Louisiade Archipelago). In past, birds of SE Asia occasionally separated as race ambiguus, those of Hainan as race hainanus. Seven subsp.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Caprimulgus macrurus Horsfield, 1821, Java.
Forms superspecies with C. atripennis, C. manillensis and C. celebensis, and all four were formerly considered conspecific. Race schlegelii includes possible races: schillmolleri (N Moluccas and W Papuan Is); obiensis (NC Moluccas); mesophanis (S Moluccas); oberholseri (W Lesser Sundas); kuehni (Kai and Tanimbar); yorki (Bismarck Archipelago to N Australia); and meeki (Louisiade Archipelago). In past, birds of SE Asia occasionally separated as race ambiguus, those of Hainan as race hainanus. Seven subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • albonotatus Tickell, 1833 - NE Pakistan and N & E India E to Bhutan and Bangladesh.
  • bimaculatus Peale, 1848 - NE India E to S China, and S to Sumatra and Riau Archipelago.
  • andamanicus Hume, 1873 - Andaman Is (possibly absent from Little Andaman).

     See all 7 subspecies
  • albonotatus Tickell, 1833 - NE Pakistan and N & E India E to Bhutan and Bangladesh.
  • bimaculatus Peale, 1848 - NE India E to S China, and S to Sumatra and Riau Archipelago.
  • andamanicus Hume, 1873 - Andaman Is (possibly absent from Little Andaman).
  • johnsoni Deignan, 1955 - SW Philippines (Palawan and probably Calamian Group).
  • salvadorii Sharpe, 1875 - W & N Borneo (Sarawak, Brunei, Sabah), including Labuan, Balambangan and Banguey and S Sulu Is.
  • macrurus Horsfield, 1821 - Java and Bali.
  • schlegelii A. B. Meyer, 1874 - Wallacea, New Guinea and New Britain to coastal N & NE Australia.