Nightjars (Caprimulgidae)

Jungle Nightjar (Caprimulgus indicus) - HBW 5, p. 359

French: Engoulevent jotaka German: Dschungelnachtschwalbe Spanish: Chotacabras de Jungla
Other common names: Indian Jungle Nightjar, Grey/Japanese Nightjar, (Ceylon) Highland Nightjar

Taxonomy: Caprimulgus indicus Latham, 1790, India.
Sometimes reckoned to be an eastern counterpart of C. europaeus. Five subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • hazarae Whistler & Kinnear, 1935 - NE Pakistan E across Himalayas to NE India, Bangladesh and S China (Yunnan), S through Myanmar and Malay Peninsula.
  • indicus Latham, 1790 - India S of Himalayas (absent W Rajasthan and Kachchh).
  • kelaarti Blyth, 1852 - Sri Lanka.

     See all 5 subspecies
  • hazarae Whistler & Kinnear, 1935 - NE Pakistan E across Himalayas to NE India, Bangladesh and S China (Yunnan), S through Myanmar and Malay Peninsula.
  • indicus Latham, 1790 - India S of Himalayas (absent W Rajasthan and Kachchh).
  • kelaarti Blyth, 1852 - Sri Lanka.
  • jotaka Temminck & Schlegel, 1847 - SE Siberia, E, C & S China, Japan and Korea; winters from S China to Greater Sundas and Philippines.
  • phalaena Hartlaub & Finsch, 1872 - Palau Is.