Waxbills (Estrildidae)

Java Sparrow (Lonchura oryzivora) - HBW 15, p. 365

French: Padda de Java German: Javareisfink Spanish: Capuchino Arrocero de Java
Other common names: Rice/Paddy Bird, Rice Munia, Java Finch

Taxonomy: Loxia oryzivora Linnaeus, 1758, "Asia and Ethiopia" = Java.
This species and L. fuscata often placed in separate genus Padda, and may form a superspecies. In recent study of mitochondrial phylogeny, these two species and L. tristissima were found to comprise two clades that are basal to the other members of the genus. Monotypic.

Distribution: Java and Bali.Widely introduced elsewhere: Sumatra, Bawean, Borneo, Lombok, Sumbawa, Sulawesi, Philippines, Caroline Is, Japan, SE China, Taiwan, Myanmar (Arakan and Tenasserim, perhaps extirpated), Thailand (N Bangkok, Phuket I), Vietnam, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore (perhaps extirpated), India (Calcutta, Chennai), Sri Lanka, Tanzania (including Zanzibar and Pemba), Seychelles, Christmas I, Fiji, Hawaiian Is, Puerto Rico, Venezuela, Colombia, St Helena I.