Hoopoe (Upupidae)

Hoopoe (Upupa epops) - HBW 6, p. 410

French: Huppe fasciée German: Wiedehopf Spanish: Abubilla
Other common names: Common/Eurasian Hoopoe; African Hoopoe (africana); Madagascar Hoopoe (marginata); Ceylon/Indian Hoopoe (ceylonensis)

Taxonomy: Upupa Epops Linnaeus, 1758, Sweden.
Madagascan form marginata widely treated as a separate species on basis mainly of distinctive territorial call. Race africana also considered a full species by some, based on varying amounts of white in wing, and other minor differences of colour pattern (possibly also between sexes), but linked to race senegalensis by intermediate race waibeli. Races saturata and ceylonensis intergrade with nominate. NW Indian Subcontinent population sometimes separated as race orientalis, but now generally regarded as inseparable from nominate; paler birds in.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Upupa Epops Linnaeus, 1758, Sweden.
Madagascan form marginata widely treated as a separate species on basis mainly of distinctive territorial call. Race africana also considered a full species by some, based on varying amounts of white in wing, and other minor differences of colour pattern (possibly also between sexes), but linked to race senegalensis by intermediate race waibeli. Races saturata and ceylonensis intergrade with nominate. NW Indian Subcontinent population sometimes separated as race orientalis, but now generally regarded as inseparable from nominate; paler birds in S & E South Africa sometimes separated as race minor, but validity requires confirmation. Nine subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • epops Linnaeus, 1758 - NW Africa, Canary Is and Europe E to SC Russia (Ob-Yenisey watershed), NW China (Sinkiang) and NW India.
  • major C. L. Brehm, 1855 - Egypt, N Sudan and E Chad (Ennedi).
  • senegalensis Swainson, 1837 - S Algeria (Ahaggar), and dry belt from Senegal E to Ethiopia and Somalia.

     See all 9 subspecies
  • epops Linnaeus, 1758 - NW Africa, Canary Is and Europe E to SC Russia (Ob-Yenisey watershed), NW China (Sinkiang) and NW India.
  • major C. L. Brehm, 1855 - Egypt, N Sudan and E Chad (Ennedi).
  • senegalensis Swainson, 1837 - S Algeria (Ahaggar), and dry belt from Senegal E to Ethiopia and Somalia.
  • waibeli Reichenow, 1913 - Cameroon and N Zaire E to Uganda and N Kenya.
  • africana Bechstein, 1811 - C Zaire E to C Kenya, and S to the Cape.
  • marginata Cabanis & Heine, 1860 - N, W & S Madagascar.
  • saturata Lönnberg, 1909 - SC Russia (E of R Yenisey) E to Japan, and S to C China and Tibet.
  • ceylonensis Reichenbach, 1853 - plains of Pakistan and N India S to Sri Lanka.
  • longirostris Jerdon, 1862 - Assam and Bangladesh E to S China, and S to N Malay Peninsula and Indochina.