New World Blackbirds (Icteridae)

Hooded Oriole (Icterus cucullatus) - HBW 16, p. 769

French: Oriole masqué German: Maskentrupial Spanish: Turpial Enmascarado

Taxonomy: Icterus cucullatus Swainson, 1827, Temascáltepec, Mexico.
Proposed race restrictus, described from W Mexico (Agiabampo, in extreme S Sonora), is synonymized with nelsoni; described races duplexus (from Mujeres I, off NE Yucatán, in Mexico), cozumelae (from Cozumel I, off NE Yucatán) and masoni (from Manatee, in Belize) are all subsumed in igneus. Five subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • nelsoni Ridgway, 1885 - breeds in SW USA (N California E to W Texas), S to NW Mexico (N Baja California, Sonora and N Chihuahua); non-breeding range extends S to Sinaloa (W Mexico).
  • trochiloides Grinnell, 1927 - C & S Baja California (from San Ignacio S to Cabo San Lucas).
  • cucullatus Swainson, 1827 - breeds from S USA (S Texas in middle Rio Grande Valley) S along edge of Mexican Plateau (Chihuahua and Nuevo León) to Puebla, Oaxaca and S Veracruz; winters from Jalisco S to Guerrero and S Oaxaca, in S Mexico.

     See all 5 subspecies
  • nelsoni Ridgway, 1885 - breeds in SW USA (N California E to W Texas), S to NW Mexico (N Baja California, Sonora and N Chihuahua); non-breeding range extends S to Sinaloa (W Mexico).
  • trochiloides Grinnell, 1927 - C & S Baja California (from San Ignacio S to Cabo San Lucas).
  • cucullatus Swainson, 1827 - breeds from S USA (S Texas in middle Rio Grande Valley) S along edge of Mexican Plateau (Chihuahua and Nuevo León) to Puebla, Oaxaca and S Veracruz; winters from Jalisco S to Guerrero and S Oaxaca, in S Mexico.
  • sennetti Ridgway, 1901 - breeds from S USA (S Texas in lower Rio Grande Valley) S to E Mexico (S Tamaulipas); winters S to N Guerrero and Morelos, in S Mexico.
  • igneus Ridgway, 1885 - S Mexico from E Tabasco, N Chiapas and coastal Yucatán Peninsula (including adjacent islands of Holbox, Mujeres, Cozumel and others) S to N Belize.