Hooded Crow (Corvus cornix) - HBW 14, p. 630
French: Corneille mantelée
Spanish: Corneja Cenicienta
Other common names: Common/Eurasian Crow (with C. corone); Mesopotamian Crow (capellanus)
Taxonomy: Corvus Cornix Linnaeus, 1758, Sweden.
Thought to form a superspecies with C. corone, possibly also including C. pectoralis; was for long treated as conspecific with former. Situation complex, as narrow bands of hybridization between present species and C. corone exist across Scotland, through C Europe, in C Siberia and in C Asia, but striking plumage differences, subtle differences in vocalizations, and both narrowness and plasticity of hybrid zones all suggest that speciation has been at least partially achieved. British Is present a most interesting distributional jigsaw, with present species throughout Ire.. View all taxonomy...
Thought to form a superspecies with C. corone, possibly also including C. pectoralis; was for long treated as conspecific with former. Situation complex, as narrow bands of hybridization between present species and C. corone exist across Scotland, through C Europe, in C Siberia and in C Asia, but striking plumage differences, subtle differences in vocalizations, and both narrowness and plasticity of hybrid zones all suggest that speciation has been at least partially achieved. British Is present a most interesting distributional jigsaw, with present species throughout Ireland, I of Man, N Scotland and Scottish isles, being replaced by C. corone over England, Wales and S Scotland; this suggests that present species had colonized from E, probably being the original British crow, but N-spreading C. corone from France or Spain colonized S England; meanwhile, Ireland and I of Man had separated from mainland Britain before England became separated from continental Europe. The spread continues today, with Scottish band of hybrids creeping N as black-plumage genes obliterate grey genes. Nominate race intergrades with sharpii in region of Urals. In E Europe and W Asia there is a cline of increasing paleness and smaller size from N to S, but complicated by bleaching, and several other described races are best treated as synonyms: thus, khozaricus (described from S Russia) is synonymized with nominate, and kaukasicus (Caucasus region), sardonius (Sardinia), italicus (Italy) and minos (Crete) are treated as synonyms of sharpii. Extreme S race, pallescens, is at palest end of cline, is relatively small and rather weak-billed, and contrasts markedly with the almost black-and-white, large-billed capellanus of Iraq and extreme SW Iran, suggesting that latter may well have evolved to full species level. Four subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- cornix Linnaeus, 1758 - Faroe Is, N Scotland, Ireland and I of Man E throughout Fennoscandia and W Russia to Urals, S in Europe to Hungary and NW Romania, N Balkans, N Italy and Corsica; some N birds move S or SW in winter, reaching as far as W France.
- sharpii Oates, 1889 - Urals E in Siberia to R Yenisei, C Asia, Iran, Turkey (except S), from Caucasus W through S Ukraine to S Balkans, Crete and S Italy (including Sardinia and Sicily); N populations migrate S to as far as Afghanistan.
- pallescens ( Madarász, 1904) - Cyprus, S Turkey E to N Iraq, S to Egypt, Israel and Jordan.
- capellanus P. L. Sclater, 1877 - Euphrates Valley of lowland Iraq (reaching N to Kirkuk) and E into SW Iran (as far as Bushire).
- Least Concern Enlarge map
VideosSee all 35 videos
- 4.3 A bird calling... Germany, Mar 2008 Josep del Hoyo
- 4.1 An adult feedi... Russia, Jun 2008 Laurent Demongin
- 4.1 Adult bird try... Poland, Mar 2011 Hanna Sztwiertnia
- 4 Close-up of a ... Russia, Jun 2010 Laurent Demongin
- 4 A bird on a ro... Greece, Apr 2008 Theo Mamais
- 4 A bird feeding... Norway, Oct 2006 Eric Roualet
PhotosSee all 66 photos
- 4.2 Adult Hooded C... Iran, Oct 2010 parastegari m-javad
- 4.1 This bird was ... Austria, Apr 2013 Dannie Polley
- 4.1 Hooded crow on... Israel, Mar 2008 Rob Belterman
- 4 Cold dispels c... Ireland, Nov 2008 Brendan Marnell
- 4 Cautious bird ... Ireland, Dec 2007 Brendan Marnell
- 4 A juvenile rec... Russia, Jun 2010 Laurent Demongin
One Bunting Crow, perched on an oak, croaks pleasure calls, resembling the syllable Crāă. Locality Berlin, Germany
Thomas Voekler 21 November 2010 2 years ago 4.5
Adults calling Locality Labytnangi, Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Eastern Russia, Russia
Laurent Demongin 27 June 2010 2 years ago 4.3
A bird calling. Locality Axios Delta, Central Macedonia Region, Greece
Theo Mamais 20 April 2008 27 weeks ago 4
A juvenile calling Locality Norilsk, Taymyr Peninsula, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Eastern Russia, Russia
Laurent Demongin 27 July 2008 3 years ago 4
Calls of a bird perched Locality Istinye, Istanbul Province, Turkey
Stuart Fisher 23 December 2008 3 years ago 4
Click to play
A bird flying and calling Locality Roma, Lazio Region, Italy
Eric Roualet 7 February 2009 19 weeks ago 0