Guineafowl (Numididae)

Helmeted Guineafowl (Numida meleagris) - HBW 2, p. 565

French: Pintade de Numidie German: Helmperlhuhn Spanish: Pintada Común
Other common names: West African/Grey-breasted Guineafowl (galeata); Tufted Guineafowl (mitrata); Reichenow's Guineafowl (reichenowi)

Taxonomy: Phasianus meleagris Linnaeus, 1758, upper Nile, Nubia, Sudan.
Races galeata and mitrata sometimes considered separate species; also, though less frequently, reichenowi. Over 30 races described: traditional races marchei, callewaerti and blancoui now included in galeata; major, inermis, omoensis, macroceras, neumanni, toruensis, intermedia and uhehensis included in meleagris; ansorgei included in reichenowi; maxima, frommi, rikwae and bodalyae included in marungensis; papillosa included i.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Phasianus meleagris Linnaeus, 1758, upper Nile, Nubia, Sudan.
Races galeata and mitrata sometimes considered separate species; also, though less frequently, reichenowi. Over 30 races described: traditional races marchei, callewaerti and blancoui now included in galeata; major, inermis, omoensis, macroceras, neumanni, toruensis, intermedia and uhehensis included in meleagris; ansorgei included in reichenowi; maxima, frommi, rikwae and bodalyae included in marungensis; papillosa included in damarensis; and transvaalensis and limpopoensis included in coronata. Nine subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • sabyi Hartert, 1919 - NW Morocco, between R Oum er Rbia and R Sebou.
  • galeata Pallas, 1767 - W Africa, E to S Chad and S to C Zaire and N Angola.
  • meleagris (Linnaeus, 1758) - E Chad E to Ethiopia, and S to N Zaire, Uganda and N Kenya.

     See all 9 subspecies
  • sabyi Hartert, 1919 - NW Morocco, between R Oum er Rbia and R Sebou.
  • galeata Pallas, 1767 - W Africa, E to S Chad and S to C Zaire and N Angola.
  • meleagris (Linnaeus, 1758) - E Chad E to Ethiopia, and S to N Zaire, Uganda and N Kenya.
  • somaliensis Neumann, 1899 - NE Ethiopia and Somalia.
  • reichenowi Ogilvie Grant, 1894 - Kenya and C Tanzania.
  • mitrata Pallas, 1767 - W & E Tanzania S to E Mozambique, and W through Zambia and Zimbabwe to S Angola and N Botswana; Zanzibar and Tumbatu I.
  • marungensis Schalow, 1884 - S Congo Basin S to W Angola, and E in Zambezi Basin to Luangwa Valley, Zambia.
  • damarensis Roberts, 1917 - S Angola to Botswana and Namibia.
  • coronata Gurney, 1868 - E South Africa.