Grouse (Tetraonidae)

Hazel Grouse (Bonasa bonasia) - HBW 2, p. 406

French: Gélinotte des bois German: Haselhuhn Spanish: Grévol Común
Other common names: Hazel Hen

Taxonomy: Tetrao bonasia Linnaeus, 1758, Sweden.
Formerly placed in genus Tetrastes. Forms superspecies with B. sewerzowi. Occasional hybridization reported with Lagopus lagopus, L. mutus and Tetrao tetrix. Complex internal taxonomy, with various attempts to lump races, e.g. only four recognized: with styriaca, rhenana and schiebeli placed in rupestris; volgensis and griseonota in bonasia; kolymensis in sibirica; amurensis and yamashinai in vicinitas. Twelve subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • styriaca (von Jordans & Schiebel, 1944) - Jura Mts, Alps, Hungary, Slovakia and S Poland.
  • rhenana (Kleinschmidt, 1917) - NE France, Luxembourg, Belgium and W Germany.
  • rupestris (C. L. Brehm, 1831) - S Germany, Bohemia and Sudety Mts.

     See all 12 subspecies
  • styriaca (von Jordans & Schiebel, 1944) - Jura Mts, Alps, Hungary, Slovakia and S Poland.
  • rhenana (Kleinschmidt, 1917) - NE France, Luxembourg, Belgium and W Germany.
  • rupestris (C. L. Brehm, 1831) - S Germany, Bohemia and Sudety Mts.
  • schiebeli (Kleinschmidt, 1943) - Balkan Peninsula.
  • volgensis (Buturlin, 1916) - Poland and Ukraine to C European Russia.
  • bonasia (Linnaeus, 1758) - S Scandinavia, Finland and N European Russia to Urals.
  • griseonota Salomonsen, 1947 - N Sweden.
  • sibirica (Buturlin, 1916) - most of forested Siberia S to Altai and Sajan Mts, N Mongolia and N Amurland.
  • kolymensis (Buturlin, 1916) - extreme E Siberia, from N Yakutia and Verkhoyansk Mts to Sea of Okhotsk.
  • amurensis (Riley, 1916) - S Amurland and Little Khingan Mts S to N Korea.
  • yamashinai (Momiyama, 1928) - Sakhalin I.
  • vicinitas (Riley, 1915) - Hokkaido (N Japan).
  •      No sound recordings available yet