Penduline-tits (Remizidae)

Grey Penduline-tit (Anthoscopus caroli) - HBW 13, p. 72

French: Rémiz de Carl German: Weißstirn-Beutelmeise Spanish: Pájaro-moscón Africano
Other common names: African Penduline-tit; Rungwe/Buff-bellied Penduline-tit (sylviella and sharpei); Zambezi Penduline-tit (rankinei)

Taxonomy: Aegithalus [sic] caroli Sharpe, 1871, Ovaquenyama, Damaraland, Namibia.
Forms a superspecies with A. punctifrons, A. parvulus, A. musculus and A. minutus. Races can be divided into five groups, “nominate group” (incorporating also hellmayri, robertsi and winterbottomi), “ansorgei group” (with rhodesiae and pallescens), “sylviella group” (with sharpei), and two single-species “groups” consisting of, respectively, roccatii and rankinei. The “ansorgei group” (in which ansorgei intergrades with rhodesiae) and the “sylv.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Aegithalus [sic] caroli Sharpe, 1871, Ovaquenyama, Damaraland, Namibia.
Forms a superspecies with A. punctifrons, A. parvulus, A. musculus and A. minutus. Races can be divided into five groups, “nominate group” (incorporating also hellmayri, robertsi and winterbottomi), “ansorgei group” (with rhodesiae and pallescens), “sylviella group” (with sharpei), and two single-species “groups” consisting of, respectively, roccatii and rankinei. The “ansorgei group” (in which ansorgei intergrades with rhodesiae) and the “sylviella group” sometimes treated as two additional species, latter exhibiting apparent vocal differences from others; in addition, occurrence of rankinei close to other races (hellmayri and robertsi) with no signs of intergradation suggests that this race, too, may warrant treatment as separate species; taxonomic review required. Other proposed races are rothschildi (described from Simba, in C Kenya), which is synonymized with sylviella, and taruensis (from Samburu, in coastal Kenya), synonymized with robertsi; supposed differentiating characters of both forms are insignificant. Eleven subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • ansorgei E. J. O. Hartert, 1905 - N & SE PRCongo, W DRCongo and C Angola.
  • roccatii Salvadori, 1906 - Uganda and W Kenya S to E Burundi and extreme NW Tanzania.
  • pallescens Ulfstrand, 1960 - W Tanzania (Kungwe-Mahali Peninsula).

     See all 11 subspecies
  • ansorgei E. J. O. Hartert, 1905 - N & SE PRCongo, W DRCongo and C Angola.
  • roccatii Salvadori, 1906 - Uganda and W Kenya S to E Burundi and extreme NW Tanzania.
  • pallescens Ulfstrand, 1960 - W Tanzania (Kungwe-Mahali Peninsula).
  • winterbottomi C. M. N. White, 1946 - S DRCongo and adjacent NW Zambia.
  • rhodesiae W. L. Sclater, 1932 - SE DRCongo, N Zambia and SW Tanzania.
  • caroli (Sharpe, 1871) - S Angola, N Namibia, SW Zambia and Botswana.
  • sylviella Reichenow, 1904 - SC Kenya S to NE & C Tanzania.
  • sharpei E. J. O. Hartert, 1905 - SW Kenya S to N Tanzania.
  • robertsi Haagner, 1909 - E Tanzania, NE Zambia, Malawi and N Mozambique.
  • rankinei Irwin, 1963 - NE Zimbabwe.
  • hellmayri Roberts, 1914 - E & S Zimbabwe, S Mozambique and NE South Africa.
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