Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Grey-faced Woodpecker (Picus canus) - HBW 7, p. 543

French: Pic cendré German: Grauspecht Spanish: Pito Cano
Other common names: Grey-headed Woodpecker(!), Grey-headed Green Woodpecker, Ashy Woodpecker(!); Black-naped (Green) Woodpecker (sobrinus, sanguiniceps)

Taxonomy: Picus canus J. F. Gmelin, 1788, Norway.
Has hybridized with P. viridis in C Europe. Races often divided into two main groups, the N “canus group” of two taxa and S & E “guerini group” of seven taxa, with two other isolated forms in the highlands of Peninsular Malaysia and Sumatra. Races intergrade in many areas. Several other races have been described throughout species’ vast range, but differ in only very minor, insignificant characters; thus, named races perspicuus (Bulgaria), biedermanni (Altai Mts), zimmermanni (NE China), perpallidus (Manchuria, Ussuriland, Korea),.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Picus canus J. F. Gmelin, 1788, Norway.
Has hybridized with P. viridis in C Europe. Races often divided into two main groups, the N “canus group” of two taxa and S & E “guerini group” of seven taxa, with two other isolated forms in the highlands of Peninsular Malaysia and Sumatra. Races intergrade in many areas. Several other races have been described throughout species’ vast range, but differ in only very minor, insignificant characters; thus, named races perspicuus (Bulgaria), biedermanni (Altai Mts), zimmermanni (NE China), perpallidus (Manchuria, Ussuriland, Korea), setschuanus (Sichuan) and gyldenstolpei (NE Indian Subcontinent) do not warrant separation. Eleven subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • canus J. F. Gmelin, 1788 - Europe (from S Scandinavia and France) E to W Siberia.
  • jessoensis Stejneger, 1886 - E Siberia to Sakhalin and N Japan (Hokkaido), S to NE China and Korea.
  • sanguiniceps Stuart Baker, 1926 - NE Pakistan, N India and extreme W Nepal.

     See all 11 subspecies
  • canus J. F. Gmelin, 1788 - Europe (from S Scandinavia and France) E to W Siberia.
  • jessoensis Stejneger, 1886 - E Siberia to Sakhalin and N Japan (Hokkaido), S to NE China and Korea.
  • sanguiniceps Stuart Baker, 1926 - NE Pakistan, N India and extreme W Nepal.
  • hessei Gyldenstolpe, 1916 - Nepal E to Myanmar, extreme S China (S Yunnan) and most of Thailand to Vietnam.
  • guerini (Malherbe, 1849) - NC China S to C Sichuan.
  • kogo (Bianchi, 1906) - C China, from Qinghai E to Shanxi and S to Sichuan.
  • sordidior (Rippon, 1906) - SE Tibet E to W Sichuan, S to NE Myanmar and Yunnan.
  • sobrinus J. L. Peters, 1948 - NE Vietnam and SE China (Guangxi E to Fujian).
  • tancolo (Gould, 1863) - Taiwan and Hainan.
  • robinsoni (Ogilvie-Grant, 1906) - mountains of C Peninsular Malaysia (Gunung Tahan and Cameron Highlands).
  • dedemi (van Oort, 1911) - highlands of Sumatra.