Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Green Violet-ear (Colibri thalassinus) - HBW 5, p. 557

French: Colibri thalassin German: Kleiner Veilchenohrkolibri Spanish: Colibrí Verdemar
Other common names: Mexican Violet-ear (thalassinus); Mountain Violet-ear (cyanotus)

Taxonomy: Trochilus thalassinus Swainson, 1827, Tamascáltepec, state of Mexico, Mexico.
The three southern races have sometimes been considered a separate species, C. cyanotus. Formerly recognized race minor of Honduras and Nicaragua is now usually subsumed into nominate; cyanotus and crissalis apparently intergrade through Colombia and Ecuador, and their distinctness has been questioned. Four subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • thalassinus (Swainson, 1827) - C & S Mexico to NC Nicaragua.
  • cabanidis (Heine, 1863) - Costa Rica and W Panama.
  • cyanotus (Bourcier, 1843) - mountains of Venezuela, Colombia and Ecuador.
  • crissalis Todd, 1942 - Andes of Peru and Bolivia, and extreme NW Argentina.