Vireos (Vireonidae)

Green Shrike-vireo (Vireolanius pulchellus) - HBW 15, p. 416

French: Smaragdan émeraude German: Smaragdvireo Spanish: Vireón Esmeralda

Taxonomy: Vireolanius pulchellus P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1859, Guatemala.
Genus formerly placed in its own separate family, Vireolaniidae; alternatively, is sometimes placed in a subfamily, Vireolaniinae. Present species has been placed by some authorities in separate genus, Smaragdolanius, along with V. eximius and V. leucotis. Possibly forms a superspecies with V. eximius and often treated as conspecific, being very similar in plumage and vocalizations; no known intergrades between the two where ranges approach each other in E Panama. Proposed race dearborni (described from CS Guatemala) requires substantiation, and is currently.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Vireolanius pulchellus P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1859, Guatemala.
Genus formerly placed in its own separate family, Vireolaniidae; alternatively, is sometimes placed in a subfamily, Vireolaniinae. Present species has been placed by some authorities in separate genus, Smaragdolanius, along with V. eximius and V. leucotis. Possibly forms a superspecies with V. eximius and often treated as conspecific, being very similar in plumage and vocalizations; no known intergrades between the two where ranges approach each other in E Panama. Proposed race dearborni (described from CS Guatemala) requires substantiation, and is currently synonymized with nominate. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • ramosi A. R. Phillips, 1991 - SE Mexico (S Veracruz E to NC Chiapas and Quintana Roo, S to E Oaxaca).
  • pulchellus P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1859 - SE Mexico (SE Campeche, SW Quintana Roo), Guatemala (except C highlands), Belize and Caribbean slopes of Honduras and N Nicaragua.
  • verticalis Ridgway, 1885 - Nicaragua (on Caribbean slopes), Costa Rica and W Panama (E Veraguas).
  • viridiceps Ridgway, 1903 - C Panama (E to Panamá province).