Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Green-barred Woodpecker (Colaptes melanochloros) - HBW 7, p. 511

French: Pic vert et noir German: Grünbindenspecht Spanish: Carpintero Real
Other common names: Green-barred Flicker; Golden-breasted Woodpecker (melanolaimus group)

Taxonomy: Picus melanochloros J. F. Gmelin, 1788, Cayenne; error = Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Sometimes placed in a separate genus Chrysoptilus with the other “forest flickers” C. atricollis and C. punctigula. May form a superspecies with latter. Partly terrestrial group of S races inhabiting pampas and Chaco woodland sometimes regarded as forming a separate species comprising the taxa melanolaimus, nigroviridis and leucofrenatus, distinct from the more arboreal nominate race and nattereri. The last two intergrade widely, the others to a lesser extent, and the two groups interbreed along the R Paraná and R Uruguay. Additiona.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Picus melanochloros J. F. Gmelin, 1788, Cayenne; error = Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Sometimes placed in a separate genus Chrysoptilus with the other “forest flickers” C. atricollis and C. punctigula. May form a superspecies with latter. Partly terrestrial group of S races inhabiting pampas and Chaco woodland sometimes regarded as forming a separate species comprising the taxa melanolaimus, nigroviridis and leucofrenatus, distinct from the more arboreal nominate race and nattereri. The last two intergrade widely, the others to a lesser extent, and the two groups interbreed along the R Paraná and R Uruguay. Additional named races mariae (Marajó I, NE Brazil), fluvilumbis (Bahia), perplexus (E Argentina) and patagonicus (WC Argentina) are all considered insufficiently differentiated to warrant recognition. Five subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • nattereri (Malherbe, 1845) - NE & SC Brazil S to E Bolivia (Santa Cruz).
  • melanochloros (J. F. Gmelin, 1788) - S & SE Brazil, SE Paraguay, NE Argentina (E Formosa, Misiones) and Uruguay.
  • melanolaimus (Malherbe, 1857) - arid upland valleys in C & S Bolivia.

     See all 5 subspecies
  • nattereri (Malherbe, 1845) - NE & SC Brazil S to E Bolivia (Santa Cruz).
  • melanochloros (J. F. Gmelin, 1788) - S & SE Brazil, SE Paraguay, NE Argentina (E Formosa, Misiones) and Uruguay.
  • melanolaimus (Malherbe, 1857) - arid upland valleys in C & S Bolivia.
  • nigroviridis (C. H. B. Grant, 1911) - S Bolivia, W Paraguay, N & E Argentina (S to Córdoba and Buenos Aires) and W Uruguay.
  • leucofrenatus Leybold, 1873 - NW & WC Argentina (S to Neuquén, W Río Negro).