Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Green-backed Woodpecker (Campethera cailliautii) - HBW 7, p. 460

French: Pic de Cailliaut German: Tüpfelspecht Spanish: Pito de Cailliaud
Other common names: Little Spotted Woodpecker

Taxonomy: Chrysopicos Cailliautii Malherbe, 1849, Mombasa.
Forms a superspecies with C. maculosa. Has hybridized rarely with latter in Ghana. Distinctive race permista often thought to be separate species, but interbreeds freely with nyansae in Angola and Zaire. Proposed race togoensis (Ghana E to S Nigeria) regarded as synonymous with permista; and kaffensis (SW Ethiopia) with nyansae; fuelleborni (sometimes misspelt fulleborni), from W Tanzania to Zambia, is also synonymized with nyansae. Orange-naped form “quadrosi”, known only from the Mozambique type specimen, is co.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Chrysopicos Cailliautii Malherbe, 1849, Mombasa.
Forms a superspecies with C. maculosa. Has hybridized rarely with latter in Ghana. Distinctive race permista often thought to be separate species, but interbreeds freely with nyansae in Angola and Zaire. Proposed race togoensis (Ghana E to S Nigeria) regarded as synonymous with permista; and kaffensis (SW Ethiopia) with nyansae; fuelleborni (sometimes misspelt fulleborni), from W Tanzania to Zambia, is also synonymized with nyansae. Orange-naped form “quadrosi”, known only from the Mozambique type specimen, is considered to be an aberrant form of loveridgei. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • permista (Reichenow, 1876) - E Ghana E to extreme SW Sudan, SW Uganda, and S to N Angola and C Zaire.
  • nyansae (Neumann, 1900) - SW Ethiopia, SW Kenya and NW Tanzania through E Zaire to N Zambia and NE Angola.
  • loveridgei Hartert, 1920 - C Tanzania (Kilosa area) S to extreme E Zimbabwe (Mt Zelinda) and Mozambique (S to R Limpopo).
  • cailliautii (Malherbe, 1849) - coastal zone from S Somalia (lower R Jubba and Boni Forest) S to NE Tanzania, including Zanzibar I.

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