Great Rufous Woodcreeper (Xiphocolaptes major) - HBW 8, p. 417
French: Grand Grimpar
German: Fuchsroter Baumsteiger
Spanish: Trepatroncos Colorado
Other common names: Rufous Woodcreeper
Taxonomy: Dendrocopus major Vieillot, 1818, Paraguay.
Relationships uncertain; recent phylogenetic study based on morphology suggested an affiliation with X. albicollis. Nominate race and castaneus intergrade in N Argentina. Individual variation in plumage possibly more marked than geographical variation. Four subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- castaneus Ridgway, 1890 - NC & E Bolivia, SW Brazil (Mato Grosso do Sul) and NW Argentina (SE Jujuy, N Salta).
- remoratus Pinto, 1945 - SW Mato Grosso, Brazil.
- major (Vieillot, 1818) - Paraguay and N Argentina (Jujuy, Salta and Formosa S to Córdoba and NE Santa Fe).
- estebani da Silva & Oren, 1991 - Tucumán, in NW Argentina.
- Least Concern Enlarge map
In the Chaco forest. Locality Chaco National Park, Chaco Province, Argentina
Martin Manassero 29 December 2014 1 year ago 21 sec 4.5
A bird still on a trunk, looking around Locality Curicaca Wildlife Refuge, Pantanal, Mato Grosso State, Brazil (ssp remoratus)
Yaiza Aragón 22 March 2008 8 years ago 19 sec 4.2
A bird digging on the ground and feeding Locality Pantanal, Mato Grosso State, Brazil (ssp remoratus)
Frank Witebsky 31 May 2007 8 years ago 32 sec 4.1
A bird feeding and creeping in a tree Locality Salta Province, Argentina (ssp major)
Max Roth 31 January 2002 11 years ago 25 sec 3.7
A bird at a tree trunk Locality Pantanal, Mato Grosso State, Brazil (ssp remoratus)
Frank Witebsky 31 May 2007 8 years ago 32 sec 2.5
PhotosSee all 19 photos
A bird perched on a quebracho colorado
Locality Chaco National Park, Chaco Province, Argentina (ssp major)
Horacio Luna 28 December 2014 1 year ago 4.7
Locality Calilegua National Park, Jujuy Province, Argentina (ssp major)
Jacob Wijpkema 1 September 2002 7 weeks ago 4.4
Great Rufous Woodcreeper (Xiphocolaptes major)
Locality Pantanal, Mato Grosso State, Brazil
Jacques Erard 1 August 2014 1 year ago 4.3
A bird in dense humid forest
Locality Guapo-í Private Reserve, Santa Fe Province, Argentina (ssp major)
Horacio Luna 16 November 2014 1 year ago 4.2
inmature Great Rufous Woodcreeper, photo taken in Eco-Portal de Piedra, the bird was eating a criket
Locality Eco-Portal de Piedra, Villamonte, Jujuy Province, Argentina
Carlos Cuñado Strelkov 20 May 2014 1 year ago 4.2
An adulte bird
Locality Concepción, Tucumán Province, Argentina
Miguel Andina 22 July 2013 2 years ago 4.1